Tourism and Development

A document on:

  • Main characteristics of rural tourism in the UK.
  • Cost/Benefit analysis of tourism, each categorised into environmental, economic and social.
  • The issues of eco-tourism, the multipler effect, global interdependence, cumulative causation and economic leakages.
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James Fortson
Main characteristics of rural tourism in the UK:
A high percentage of tourism-related businesses are owned and
managed by "outsiders" to a rural area. This means that more of the
profits and gains are withdrawn from the local area.
Congestion and housing are issues due to a lot of traffic and increasing
local populations.
Environment Protection for and Air & ground pollution from
conservation of landscapes traffic.
and wildlife. Pressure for development of
Greater environmental tourist facilities.
awareness. Physical damage (e.g.
Old buildings are renovated footpath erosion).
­ were previously an Disturbance and loss of
eyesore. wildlife habitats.
Economic More jobs and a higher rural Outside owners/investors
income. withdraw profits.
Some of the new House prices and council
infrastructure is useful to taxes increase.
locals. Repair of damage from visitors
Diversification of the rural (e.g. footpath erosion).
economy away from farming Provision of the new
as the sole activity. infrastructure.
Social Newcomers stimulate new Change & decline in local
activities and bring ideas. conditions/way of life.
Local customs and Loss of the "local community"
traditions can be enhanced feel.
by responding to visitor Shortage of affordable
needs (e.g. crafts). housing.
Young people are no longer Influx of outsiders
forced to leave in search of (permanent/temporary).
work. Conflicts between residents
and visitors.
Eco-tourism: Nature-based tourism which involves education and interpretation
of the natural environment ­ usually sustainable.
Multiplier Effect: When one event leads to many more events (e.g. higher interest
rates more inflation because people have a higher disposable income).
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James Fortson
Cumulative Causation: The unfolding of events linked to a change in the
economy (e.g. the location of a factory might be the basis for more investment,
jobs and infrastructure).
Global Interdependence: When everybody's lives are closely linked, and any
countries' problems are part of a larger global problem.
The above factors are still of restricted application in tourist areas or countries in
the LEDW because such countries cannot afford such facilities.…read more


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