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Situational Crime Prevention - Clarke:
Three features of measures aimed at situational crime prevention:
1. Directed at specific crimes
2. involve managing/altering immediate environment of the crime
3. aim at increasing the effort and risks of committing crime and reducing the rewards
Underlying situational crime prevention approaches is a rational…

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Retributive justice - in traditional society, solidarity was based on similarity to one another: this
produces a strong collective conscience which when offended, responds with vengeful passion to
repress the wrong doer (punishment is expressive)
Restitutive justice - solidarity in modern society is based on interdependence between individuals -
crime…

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