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Religion as a conservative force:
Often have conservative beliefs about moral issues and uphold traditional family values.
Functionalism - religion helps maintain social stability: promotes social solidarity via value consensus
Marxism - religion legitimates inequality, prevents revolution, maintaining capitalism
Feminism - religion legitimates patriarchal power and maintains women's subordination in…

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Worsley: cargo cults sprung up to overturn the social injustice of being deprived of cargo

Gramsci: religion and hegemony:
Hegemony = ideology used by the r/c to maintain control
Italy 1920s+1930s - Conservative ideological power of Catholic Church helped with support for
Mussolini's fascist regime
Religion can challenge the r/c…

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