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FACTORS TO SUGGEST A HIGH DEGREE
OF JEWISH ASSIMILATION
Majority of assimilated Jews in Weimar Republic before 1933 felt they had a good future
Greater legal protection than any other European Jews had ever known
Many achieved social and economic success
Most identified closely with the Weimar Republic
More inter-marriage higher than before, 1927: 54% of marriage of Jews were mixed
Converting to Christianity: 1000+ lapsed from Judaism, half through conversion
Less anti-Semitic thoughts: `on its way out'
Membership of German Zionist Federation dropped to 17,000 in 1929, in 1923 it stood at 33,000
This showed Jews were less afraid for their future in Germany…read more

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FACTORS TO SUGGEST JEWISH
ANXIETIES ABOUT ASSIMILATION
For some Jewish religious leaders, assimilation was a terrifying prospect
They feared that Jewish identity would disappear entirely
Not even the most successful assimilated Jews could escape completely from the anxieties underneath the
surface
Suicide and divorce rates were twice as high in Jewish Germans than for the population as a whole
Not fully Jewish but not allowed to be fully German
There were many attacks on Jews and many people did not know how to respond to anti-Semitism
Zionists tried to fight back to these attacks, they did not want to be assimilated
The Jews created organisations such as the RjF (National League of Jewish Frontline Veterans). They
promoted Jewish self-discipline'- avoiding behaviour by Jews that might provoke hostility
Also, Centralverein (Central League for Citizens of the Jewish Faith). It was a newspaper that gave money
for legal prosecutions for anti-Semitism…read more

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