TNC Wal-Mart Case Study

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Background Info
WalMart is a chain of discount department stores including ASDA. Its one of the largest TNCs in
the world and the largest retail TNC
WalMart began in 1962 when Sam Walton opened the first store in Arkansas, USA
More stores opened across Arkansas, then across the USA, and more recently across the globe via
the acquisition of other retail companies. E.g. Seiyu in Japan, ASDA in the UK and Bompreco in
Some WalMart stores continue trading under their own name e.g. ASDA, while others are
rebranded as WalMart

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Walmart is the world's largest company by revenue at $485bn
Where? (Structure, Spatial Distribution)
The company offers nine retail formats: supercenters,
supermarkets, discount stores, small markets, cash
and carry stores, membership warehouse clubs ,
apparelstores, soft discount storesand restaurants.
As of December 31, 2015, it has a total of 11,620
storesin 28 countries
WalMart divides its labour across different countries.
Its headquarters are still in Arkansas, but most manufacturing is carried out where costs are
lower (cheaper labour and resources) e.g.…read more

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Host Country
WalMart creates jobs in construction, manufacturing and retail services e.g. in Mexico, WalMart
employs over 209,000 people
WalMart has been criticized for forcing suppliers to accept low prices for their products
People from the host country spend their money in the WalMart stores, but most of the profits
are sent back to the USA rather than contributing to the hosts economy
WalMart invests into environmentally friendly technologies e.g.…read more

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This can cause the loss of local jobs e.g.…read more


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