Timeline of the cold war 1943-1991 - sections 4,5 and 6 Edexcel

This took me AGESSSSSS!!! It is everything youll need, its straight out of the textbook in LOTSSSS os detail

Please leave a comment if you found it helpful :)

Good luck in your exam :)

HideShow resource information
Preview of Timeline of the cold war 1943-1991 - sections 4,5 and 6 Edexcel

First 246 words of the document:

Date Event Leader (USA/USSR)
28 November1 Tehran Conference Roosevelt/Stalin
December 1943 Britain and America ­ sphere of influence ­
Western Europe
USSR ­ sphere of influence ­ Eastern
Germany ­ USSR: Reparations
B & A: Rebuild
1944 Germans retreat from Greece Roosevelt/Stalin
1945 World War II ends Roosevelt/Stalin
Detonation of American atom bomb
February 1945 Yalta Conference Roosevelt/Stalin
Japan to be attacked by USSR once
Germany is defeated.
United Nations Organisation to be set up.
Divide Germany.
Eastern European Governments to have
free elections.
July 1945 Potsdam Conference Truman/Stalin
Japan attacked as planned.
Anything of value to be taken from
Germany as reparations.
Nuremburg Parties set up and Nazi Party
banned. Nazis prosecuted.
Eastern border of Poland moved to the
River Neisse.
Each ally to take reparations from zone
they occupied ­ USSR's zone had less
industry, took some from other zones in
return for commodities eg coal
Atom Bomb
Truman postponed conference to test atom
bomb ­ thought he had ultimate weapon
Stalin had ordered Soviets to produce their
own in 1940... wanted to protect interests
of USSR `Buffer zone' between communist
east and capitalist west.
1946 War of words Truman/Stalin
Churchill iron curtain ­ March ­ Truman
supported it
Stalin's response to speech ­ March

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

Long Telegram ­ to Truman:
Stalin destruction of Capitalism speech
USA and USSR no peace ­ opposed to
USSR building up military power
Novikov's Telegram ­ to Stalin
America ­ dominate world
After Roosevelt's death ­ USA not wanting
to cooperate with USSR
USA public preparing for war
1947 Truman Doctrine Truman/Stalin
Military and economical aid given to
Greece, Turkey and those who need it to
support themselves from Communism. This
showed the harder side of Containment.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

Supply planes took off at 30 second
intervals so that West Berlin was kept
`safe', however West Berliners suffered as
there was a major shortage of food. Stalin
later saw that this didn't work for him to
take the whole of Berlin and so he
reopened the routes once again.…read more

Page 4

Preview of page 4

Here's a taster:

Tension increases as USA is now ahead in
the Arms Race
1953 Stalin dies Eisenhower/Krushchev
1954 SEATO Eisenhower/Khrushche
SouthEast Asia Treaty Organisation v
Signed 8th September 1984. Primarily to
block any further Communist gains in Asia.
Dissolved: 30th June 1977.
1955 Warsaw Pact Eisenhower/Khrushche
USSR's response to NATO ­ tension v
1956 DeStalinisation Eisenhower/Khrushche
Announced in Khrushchev's speech (Secret v
speech ­ not secret for long) to the 20th
Congress of the Soviet Communist Party.…read more

Page 5

Preview of page 5

Here's a taster:

Berlin Wall Crisis Eisenhower/Khrushche
Geneva summit ­ May v
Nothing decided
Camp David summit ­ September 1959
Khrushchev withdrew ultimatum
Cuban Missile Crisis
Cuban revolution
Cuba overthrew proAmerican government.
New regime ­ Fidel Castro. Took over
American property in Cuba. America banned
import of Cuban sugar in response,
bankrupting its economy.…read more

Page 6

Preview of page 6

Here's a taster:

Kennedy had naval blockade, demanded
USSR take away missiles. Both armies on
high alert. Khrushchev agrees if USA
removes missiles from Turkey and promises
never to attack Cuba, Kenny agrees if
secret. Agreed.
1962 Cuban Missile Crisis Kennedy/Khrushchev
25th Sept ­ Khrushchev sends 14 ships to
Cuba with missiles. Kennedy's spy planes
found out by mid October. On 22nd Kennedy
told public. Hawks on both side wanted
aggression and war.…read more

Page 7

Preview of page 7

Here's a taster:

August ­ Dubcek ordered people not to
be violent
Brezhnev arrested Dubcek ant took away
the `Prague Spring' reforms.
USA publicly condemned it but no military
*Western European parties appalled ­ broke
free of USSR
*Yugoslavia and Romania went to China ­
second biggest communist power ­ this
divided communism further
1968 + Détente Nixon/Brezhnev
1969 USA first man on moon Nixon/Brezhnev
1972 SALT I Nixon/Brezhnev
Talks started in 1969 and signed in 1972.…read more

Page 8

Preview of page 8

Here's a taster:

The Soviet invasion ­ December
*Although Amin was communist, he wasn't
*Muslims hated Amin and USSR feared they
would take over the country and they
wouldn't ally with USSR
*Karmal ­ An Afghani communist ­ said he
had enough support and needed military
*Brezhnev believed USA would tolerate the
invasion as with Czechoslovakia
America appalled ­ made `The Carter
Doctrine'. He argued that he wouldn't let
USSR gain oil in MiddleEast.…read more

Page 9

Preview of page 9

Here's a taster:

Geneva summitNovember
First meeting between Reagan and Gorby
Reagan ­ Peace between both superpowers
Gorby ­ drop SDI plans
Meeting significant as both leaders created
a personal relationship but no formal
agreement on arms race was reached.
1986 Reykjavik summit Reagan/Gorby
Reagan wanted to scrap all ballistic nuclear
missiles. Gorby disagreed because Reagan
wouldn't get rid of SDI.…read more

Page 10

Preview of page 10

Here's a taster:

Agreed to destroy 1/3 of nuclear arms
Each sides war heads to 6000
1600 SNDVs (strategic nuclear delivery
Warsaw Pact dissolved ­ July
19th August ­ Gang of 8 (communist
government officials) implement coup
against Gorbachev
21st August ­ Coup fails as Yeltsin helped,
Gorbachev returns to Moscow
Gorby says he wanted to save communism
but this is unpopular as coup damaged his
authority but Yeltsin was a popular hero.…read more


Alex Devane



thanx :)




thx man!

Pete Langley - Get Revising founder

Very good resource

Pete Langley - Get Revising founder

great resource

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all resources »