Timeline of the cold war 1943-1991 - sections 4,5 and 6 Edexcel

This took me AGESSSSSS!!! It is everything youll need, its straight out of the textbook in LOTSSSS os detail

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Date Event Leader (USA/USSR)
28 November1 Tehran Conference Roosevelt/Stalin
December 1943 Britain and America ­ sphere of influence ­
Western Europe
USSR ­ sphere of influence ­ Eastern
Germany ­ USSR: Reparations
B & A: Rebuild

1944 Germans retreat from Greece Roosevelt/Stalin
1945 World War II ends Roosevelt/Stalin

Page 2

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1946 Long Telegram ­ to Truman:
Stalin destruction of Capitalism speech
USA and USSR no peace ­ opposed to
USSR building up military power

Novikov's Telegram ­ to Stalin
America ­ dominate world
After Roosevelt's death ­ USA not wanting
to cooperate with USSR
USA public preparing for war…

Page 3

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supplies have to be airlifted to Berlin.
Supply planes took off at 30 second
intervals so that West Berlin was kept
`safe', however West Berliners suffered as
there was a major shortage of food. Stalin
later saw that this didn't work for him to
take the whole of Berlin and…

Page 4

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Tension increases as USA is now ahead in
the Arms Race
1953 Stalin dies Eisenhower/Krushchev
1954 SEATO Eisenhower/Khrushche
SouthEast Asia Treaty Organisation v
Signed 8th September 1984. Primarily to
block any further Communist gains in Asia.
Dissolved: 30th June 1977.
1955 Warsaw Pact Eisenhower/Khrushche
USSR's response to NATO ­ tension…

Page 5

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1959 Berlin Wall Crisis Eisenhower/Khrushche
Geneva summit ­ May v
Nothing decided
Camp David summit ­ September 1959
Khrushchev withdrew ultimatum

Cuban Missile Crisis
Cuban revolution
Cuba overthrew proAmerican government.
New regime ­ Fidel Castro. Took over
American property in Cuba. America banned
import of Cuban sugar in response,

Page 6

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Kennedy had naval blockade, demanded
USSR take away missiles. Both armies on
high alert. Khrushchev agrees if USA
removes missiles from Turkey and promises
never to attack Cuba, Kenny agrees if
secret. Agreed.
1962 Cuban Missile Crisis Kennedy/Khrushchev
25th Sept ­ Khrushchev sends 14 ships to
Cuba with missiles. Kennedy's…

Page 7

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20 August ­ Dubcek ordered people not to
be violent
Brezhnev arrested Dubcek ant took away
the `Prague Spring' reforms.
USA publicly condemned it but no military
*Western European parties appalled ­ broke
free of USSR
*Yugoslavia and Romania went to China ­
second biggest communist power ­…

Page 8

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The Soviet invasion ­ December
*Although Amin was communist, he wasn't
*Muslims hated Amin and USSR feared they
would take over the country and they
wouldn't ally with USSR
*Karmal ­ An Afghani communist ­ said he
had enough support and needed military
*Brezhnev believed USA would…

Page 9

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Geneva summitNovember
First meeting between Reagan and Gorby
Reagan ­ Peace between both superpowers
Gorby ­ drop SDI plans
Meeting significant as both leaders created
a personal relationship but no formal
agreement on arms race was reached.

1986 Reykjavik summit Reagan/Gorby
Reagan wanted to scrap all ballistic nuclear

Page 10

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Agreed to destroy 1/3 of nuclear arms
Each sides war heads to 6000
1600 SNDVs (strategic nuclear delivery

Warsaw Pact dissolved ­ July

19th August ­ Gang of 8 (communist
government officials) implement coup
against Gorbachev

21st August ­ Coup fails as Yeltsin helped,
Gorbachev returns to Moscow



Alex Devane





thanx :)






thx man!

Pete Langley - Get Revising founder


Very good resource

Pete Langley - Get Revising founder


great resource

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