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Timeline ­ Architectural Sculpture

West Pediment of the Temple of Aphaia at Aegina (500-490):

Depicts myth of Second Trojan War
Overcomes the problems of scale and theme:
The goddess Aphaia fills the apex, which is fitting as she is a gods and entitled to be larger
than others in composition…

Page 2

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West Pediment on the Temple of Zeus at Olympia (460):

Internal Metopes on the Temple of Zeus at Olympia (460):

12 labours of Herakles
Internal (6 over pronaos, 6 over opisthodomos)

Myth of the Cretan Bull:

Metope (460):

Successfully overcome limitations of frame:
Bull and Herakles leap away from each…

Page 3

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Successfully overcomes limitations of frame:
Frame conveys narrative ­ top of metope depicts the sky
Difference between gods and mortals shown as Herakles is shorter than Athene and Atlas
(inclusion of the pillow allows him to be same size)
Composition is three static figures however each is in a different…

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East Pediment of the Parthenon:

Overcomes scale and theme:
Two deities used to fill the apex (Athene and Zeus)
Olympian gods fill the rest of composition, many look on in surprise whilst others, reclining,
are unaware.
Corners of the pediment are filled with horses, left ­ horses of Helios (ready…

Page 5

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Procession starts at west end of Parthenon and culminates over the pronaos and entrance to
the temple
Features ­ 192 mounted horsemen, musicians, sacrificial animals, culminates at Peplos
Gods appear uninterested in Peplos scene and gaze back at the procession
Superhuman scale of gods: sat down they reach the top…


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