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Time Use studies Gender and Domestic Tasks
(Leonard 2000) Women underestimate the time spent on domestic labour. For example when they
multitask, they complete household task such as cooking or cleaning as well as taking care of the
According to (McMahon 1995) women's domestic tasks were considered more important
than the men's tasks. Also a point that the time use studies have not proved is that
responsibility of domestic tasks is not the same as helping because having the responsibility
includes having to work harder and be more thoughtful.
· Providing emotional support is also just as important and practical household tasks because it
involves maintaining relationships and being a happy family.
· A study by Duncombe and Dennis Marsden 1993, 1995) showed that based on interview
with 40 couples, women complained about "men's distance". Men see their role as the
breadwinner so they would rely on the women to provide reassurance and sympathy.
· This supports research that women give importance to their husband and children's tastes
rather than their own to please their family and give them a happier mealtime. (Charles and
· Money management is often in favour of the men.
· Jah Phal's money management in 1985 showed that the family went by a house keeping
allowance system where the wives received a sum of money from their partner for house
keeping and the remaining money was in a pool system. This is where the couple would be
equally responsible for the control of the money.
· After this study, a later study from Voghler and Phal showed that in interviews over 1200
couple, men came out at the top with matter regarding money management.
· Inequalities in money management Voghley and Phal found that 58 & of couple had equal
personal spending money. 12 % was the husband and 4% was the wives. The rest disagreed
· It was the women who were more likely to cut back on spendng their money fr their own
food and clothees for their husband and children.
· 70% of couples said they both had a say in important finacial decisions while 23% was the
husbamd and 7% the wife.
· Trends Vogler and Phal argue that the greater equality is based on the women's
participation in the labour market. The partner with the bigger income would be one who has
the biggest say on family decisions.
Domestic labour power and gender
· Stephan Edgell 1980 interviewed 38 middle class couples. He found that wives dominated
the decision making in interior decoration, children's clothing and household items. These
were not considered as important as the men's.
· Men dominated the decision main based on moving house, buying the car and financial
issues. Holidays and the children's education was based on both of their decisions.
This study is 20 years old and based on only 38 middle class couples.
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Non decisions are based on taken for granted assumptions. This means that there is not much
discussion on it and are simply just following the social norms. For example, women having to
have the main responsibility of childcare as well as washing, cleaning and emotional support.
· Those who gain from non support are considered more powerful than those who don't.…read more