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Threats to Henry VII's Reign

Threats to Henry VII's Reign | Madeleine Clinton 1

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I. 1485 1486: Francis, Lord Lovel and the Stafford brothers

A. Henry went on royal progress to York in April 1486

1. Three men broke the sanctuary they had been keeping in Colchester since

a. Lovel headed north to waylay the king

b. Staffords went to Worcester to stir…

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A. Symonds decided that Simnel should impersonate Edward, Earl of Warwick

1. Earl of Kildare proclaims Simnel Edward VI in Dublin

2. Margaret, Dowager Duchess of Burgundy, recognises Simnel as her brother

a. Sends 2000 German soldiers to Ireland, led by Martin Schwarz (including Lovel),
Earl of Lincoln later joins…

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III. 1491 1499: Perkin Warbeck

A. Summer 1492 Charles VIII welcomed Warbeck at French court and 100
English Yorkists joined him

1. Invades October 1492

a. Treaty of Etaples November 1492 states that France will not harbour or help
pretenders or rebels

B. 1493 fled to Flanders Margaret of Burgundy…

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(1) Agreed marriage between England and Scotland

b. 1502 Treaty of Perpetual Peace

IV.1497: Cornish Rebellion

A. January 1497 parliament voted a heavy tax to finance an expedition north to
resist the projected invasion of James IV and Warbeck

B. The Cornish, traditionally independent, refuse to contribute to the defence…

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1. The tax caused widespread resentment as it was raised in a new way, in the
form of income tax

a. Henry actually only received £27,000

b. The tax was particularly badly received in Yorkshire

(1) Yorkshire was suffering the effects of a bad harvest

(2) Counties north of Yorkshire…

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B. July 1499: Suffolk went to Guisnes, near Calais

1. Henry fears a foreign backed invasion and so persuades him back until 1501

C. 1501: Edmund and his brother Richard fled to Maximilian's court

1. Remaining Yorkist support gathered in Flanders

2. Henry imprisoned Suffolk's remaining relatives in England and…

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a. However, as an example to others, Henry executes him

Threats to Henry VII's Reign | Madeleine Clinton 8


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