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I. 1485 1486: Francis, Lord Lovel and the Stafford brothers
A. Henry went on royal progress to York in April 1486
1. Three men broke the sanctuary they had been keeping in Colchester since
Bosworth
a. Lovel headed north to waylay the king
b. Staffords went to Worcester to stir up rebellion
2. Henry heard of this whilst in Lincoln, sent an armed force to either kill them or
get them to ask to be pardoned
a. Lovel fled to Flanders
b.…read more

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A. Symonds decided that Simnel should impersonate Edward, Earl of Warwick
1. Earl of Kildare proclaims Simnel Edward VI in Dublin
2. Margaret, Dowager Duchess of Burgundy, recognises Simnel as her brother
a. Sends 2000 German soldiers to Ireland, led by Martin Schwarz (including Lovel),
Earl of Lincoln later joins them in 1487
3. May 1487, Simnel crowned as King Edward VI in Dublin
4. Henry parades real Earl of Warwick around London
B. 1487 Battle of Stoke
1.…read more

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III. 1491 1499: Perkin Warbeck
A. Summer 1492 Charles VIII welcomed Warbeck at French court and 100
English Yorkists joined him
1. Invades October 1492
a. Treaty of Etaples November 1492 states that France will not harbour or help
pretenders or rebels
B. 1493 fled to Flanders Margaret of Burgundy recognises him as her nephew
1. Trade Embargo 1493 despite jeopordising cloth trade
2. 1495 Warbeck lands at Deal in Kent fails
a. 1496 Magnus Intercursus: repairs trading relations, Burgundy must stop supporting
pretenders
C.…read more

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Agreed marriage between England and Scotland
b. 1502 Treaty of Perpetual Peace
IV.1497: Cornish Rebellion
A. January 1497 parliament voted a heavy tax to finance an expedition north to
resist the projected invasion of James IV and Warbeck
B. The Cornish, traditionally independent, refuse to contribute to the defence of
the northern part of the kingdom the invasion offered little threat to them
C. In May the rebels left Bodmin and marched through the western counties
Lord Audley becomes their leader at Wells
1.…read more

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The tax caused widespread resentment as it was raised in a new way, in the
form of income tax
a. Henry actually only received £27,000
b. The tax was particularly badly received in Yorkshire
(1) Yorkshire was suffering the effects of a bad harvest
(2) Counties north of Yorkshire were exempt because they were expected to defend the
country from the Scots
2. Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland, put their case to Henry Henry refused to
negotiate
a.…read more

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B. July 1499: Suffolk went to Guisnes, near Calais
1. Henry fears a foreign backed invasion and so persuades him back until 1501
C. 1501: Edmund and his brother Richard fled to Maximilian's court
1. Remaining Yorkist support gathered in Flanders
2. Henry imprisoned Suffolk's remaining relatives in England and attainted 51 men
(including Sir James Tyrell and Governor of Guisnes) when parliament met in
Jan 1501
a. Before execution Tyrell confesses to murdering the nephews, thus stopping any
more impostors
D.…read more

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However, as an example to others, Henry executes him
Threats to Henry VII's Reign | Madeleine Clinton 8…read more

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