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Thomas Kuhn: Scientific Paradigms

Thomas Kuhn (1970):

Historian of Science
Science Unique
Like Poppers theory Kuhn's has important implications on sociology

The Paradigm:

Kuhn's main idea:

Idea shared between a Scientific community I.E. Physicist defines their science
Provides basic framework members of community work within this framework
Set of norms…

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Scientific Revolutions:

Scientists sometimes obtain findings that contradict the paradigm (anomalies)
Anomalies gradually mount upleading to a fall of confidence within that paradigm
Paradigm is then reformulated to count the anomalies
o Scientific meltdown, scientists come demoralised
Scientists then formulate new paradigmsScientific revolution


Rival paradigms are incommensurable
o Two…


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