Theory's of Crime and Deviance


I used these notes last year and they helped get 118/120 

look at my other sociology notes

I also did a videos using some of the notes:


RC = ruling class

WWC = white collar crime

CJS = criminal justice system

EMs = ethnic minorities

TNC's = transnational corporation

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  • Created by: Chantelle
  • Created on: 19-08-11 16:01
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Crime and deviance theories
Define, Decode, Signpost
Criminal behaviour is an act which breaks a formal law, such as murder, whereas deviant behaviour is
that which breaks a norm. Definitions of crime and deviance are socially constructed their definitions
are culturally determined. Consensus theories such as functionalism and new…

Page 2

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o Gordon claims that crimes a rational response to capitalism and is found in all classes but
ignored in the ruling class
o It is important for the ruling class to disguise the crimeogenic nature of capitalism. In order to
prevent a revolution, therefore crime is often presented as a…

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o Structural, macro and consensus
o The first major theory to analyse crime
o Claim that a certain amount of crime is inevitable but also beneficial
o The force of social control must only have moderate energy i.e. if it is too high (strict) society
will stagnate; if it…

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o Jobs are dependent on crime e.g. police, judges, lawyers etc.


o Functionalists often ignore the issue of power in society.
o Feminists would argue that Functionalism is a 'malestream' area of sociology, and that
Functionalist theories ignored female deviance.
o Postmodernists would argue that society is now far…


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