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Theorists for child language acquisition
Theorists for acquiring language

Chomsky (Nativist theory)
He believed learning takes place through an innate brain mechanism that has the ability to acquire grammatical
structures. This was known as the Language Acquisition Device (LAD). He argued there was such thing as universal
grammar where human…

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Piaget (Cognitive theory)
He believed children are active learners who use their environment and social interactions to shape their language.
Linguistic development occurs as children understand concepts surrounding the word's meanings. This suggests that
children cannot be taught until they are cognitively ready.

Stage Age (years) Description
Sensorimotor -2 Children…

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Clark's overextensions-Eve Clark studied overextensions and found they base them on the physical qualities
of objects and features such as taste, sound, movement, shape, size and texture.
Clark's adjectives-she found that common adjectives (e.g. nice and big) are developed in the first 50 words,
however, spatial adjectives are acquired later…

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Nomination: object/person labelled, e.g. there mam.
Recurrence: event repeated, e.g. more cats.
Negation: is something denied? E.g. no food.



Bellugi's negative formation-she proposed the three stages of negative formation. Stage one involves using
no at the beginning/end of the sentence. Stage two is using no inside the sentence. Stage three…

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