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FUNCTIONALIST THEORIES OF RELIGION.
Functionalists are concerned with the contribution religion makes to meeting society's needs ­ social
solidarity, value consensus, harmony and integration.
Durkheim ­ 5 functions of religion Totemism.
Parsons ­ value consensus integration.
Malinowski ­ deals with emotional stress order.

Social integration ­when the system binds its…

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NEOMARXIST THEORIES OF RELIGION.
Disagreeing with Marxists over the role of religion in society, neoMarxists say that religion is a force for
social change: namely Maduro's liberation theology.
Maduro ­ members take discontent to church.
Gramsci ­ church produces WC intellectuals.

Liberation theology ­belief that people have a duty to…

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Theodicy of disprivilege­ religious explanations that legitimise social inequalities.
Disenchantment ­ magic and mystery replaced by rational thinking.
Rationalisation ­ occurs as disenchantment does.

View on secularisation.
Weber thought (back in the 1920s) the modern world would become rationalised leaving little room for
faith.

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