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Student participation-Theories of motivation

"Motivation is defined as the process that initiates, guides and maintains
goal-oriented behaviours. Motivation is what causes us to act, whether it is getting
a glass of water to reduce thirst or reading a book to gain knowledge. It involves
the biological, emotional, social and cognitive…

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Freud's psychodynamic drive theory

Firstly, consider Freud's central ideas...

The dynamic unconscious is said to be the source of our deepest emotions and the driving
force behind our behaviour. He believes our dynamic unconscious is divided into three parts;
the ID, the EGO and the SUPEREGO.

The ID- The most…

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Evaluative points to consider...

Determinism vs. Free-will- although we often think our behaviour is a matter of choice;
Freud would say that it is our dynamic unconscious motivating our actions.

Validity- lack of empirical evidence

Usefulness-a therapeutic tool to bring these feelings into a student's conscious awareness?

Maslow's hierarchy of…

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The principle here is that the lowest step must be achieved before moving onto the next and
so forth. Maslow believes that we are all self-motivated and want to self-actualise; however we
must have our needs met in order to do this. In relation to education, a humanist theory

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Cognitive attribution theory

Attribution theory is based upon the assumption that the way we interpret what happens to
us will affect the amount of effort we put into related tasks in the future, i.e. our level of

An important assumption of attribution theory is that we will interpret events…

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