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Theories of Crime.

Functionalist- Durkheim.
Sees crime as universal (exists everywhere) and as inevitable, meaning that it is always going to
happen.
Reasons for its inevitability;
Too much social control
We aren't all the same (self-expression/individuality) e.g. graffiti
`Laws are there to be broken' idea
Inequality; Aiming to be in…

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Subcultural Strain Theories- Cohen/Cloward and Ohlin
See deviance as the product of a delinquent subculture (e.g. chavs) with different values from those
in mainstream society.
A K COHEN: STATUS FRUSTRATION (1995)
Deviance is a working class phenomenon as the lower class struggle to achieve mainstream goals.
Social deprivation and a…

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Effects of Labelling- Lemert (1951)
Primary & Secondary Deviance....
Primary Deviance is an act that has not been publically labelled, that is generally not the deviant's
way of life; so therefore they do not have a master status.
Secondary Deviance is an act labelled due to society's reactions and the…

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A full social theory of deviance...
A theory, by Taylor et al, aiming to change society for the better by understanding crime and
deviance. Their theory would have 2 main sources-
Traditional Marxist ideas
Interactionism and Labelling theory ideas about societal reactions resulting in labelling

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