theories

aqa theorectical perspectives to education

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  • Created on: 26-04-11 13:48
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Functionalist New Right
Chubb & Moe believed
that state education has
failed to provide
Durkheim-Social solidarity Davis and Moore-role ·equal opportunity
refers to the integration, type of allocation ·Pupils with the skills
integration societies ensure that the
shown by a society or group with most important needed for the economy
people and their neighbours. positions are conscientiously ·Therefore they believe
It refers to the ties in a society filled by that there should be an
that bind people to one another the most qualified persons.
education market.
Parsons- Meritocracy
He sees the school classroom The new right developed
as a part of society. Policies that created did
It is a bridge between the family
and wider society. In wider society
NOT create "welfare
status is achieved. Education socialises dependency''.
young people for adult roles. -wanted to create
Tiffany George - Fontaine
marketisation &
parentocracy in the UK.

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Key term Definition Sociologist
Value consensus An agreement on cultural norms and values. Parsons
This is when bonds between people and institutions in society
create a sense of commitment and belonging to society, beyond
Social Solidarity Durkheim
individual needs and backgrounds allow for a sense of
togetherness and stability.
Transmission of shared norms
Consensus view of being in harmony Durkheim
and values
The means by which education sorts students into the Davis &
Role allocation
appropriate jobs for their abilities and talents.…read more

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The concept of the hidden curriculum was originally a critical Marxist term.
Now feminists use it in a critical way and teachers in a neutral way.…read more

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Key term Definition Sociologist
Marketisation The policy of introducing market forces of Miriam David
of education supply and demand into areas run by the state,
such as education and the NHS.
Parentocracy `Rule by parents' ­ this concept is associated Miriam David
with marketised education systems which are
based on an ideology of parental choice of
school.…read more

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Neo-Marxists
The study of Paul
Willis & the lads
whom found the effect
of counter school
subcultures. He argues
there is a similarity
between the anti-
school subculture and
poor male workers.…read more

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Key Term Definition Sociologist
The correspondence Bowles and Gintis's theory that various Bowles & Gintis
principle aspects of economic production have
corresponding features with the
education system (4 aspects).
Legitimisation of class Stopping working class form rebelling Bowles & Gintis
inequalities against the system responsible for it.
Reproduction of class Ideological State Apparatus class Althusser
inequalities inequality by transmitting it from
generation to generation by failing
each generation of working class pupils.…read more

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Tiffany George - Fontaine…read more

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