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First shown to Telemachus by Nestor, then Menelaus.
Shown to Odysseus by Alcinous and Arête.

Contrasted with:

The suitors
The Cyclops (Book 9)
The Laestrygonians (Book 10)
Circe (Book 10)

It is interesting that, although strangers are "protected" by Zeus, Zeus agrees with
Poseidon that the Phaeacians are…

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The suitors seem dangerously proud, especially when Odysseus returns. In the end, the
suitors have dishonored Odysseus and must pay for this.
On the other hand, a certain amount of pride and sense of honor is important. Note how
Odysseus responds to the challenge of Laodamus.
Telemachus needs to need…

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Homer seems to think that revenge is well justified and people are entitled to it.


At the end of the book Athena ensures that the people of Ithaca are reconciled with Odysseus.
The test Odysseus and various members of his family undergo with each other suggest that their


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