Theme 1 notes

Hi there, these are my personal notes I made specifically for myself a few years ago. I hope these can help others. The notes may not make a whole lot a sense as they were designed to be short and to the point.

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  • Created by: aayisha
  • Created on: 08-03-15 12:51
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Geography- Theme 1: Challenges of living in a built environment
Quality of life: happiness, well-being and satisfaction of a person
Factors which influence: Environmental - housing type, condition, amount of open space, noise
and air pollution. Neighbourhood
Social- family, friends, links with people and organisations
Economic - how people obtain money and how they spend it
KENYA: Environmental: litter, unclean water
Social: violent people, army, bad health
Economic: poverty
Environmental: safari, wildlife, natural
Social: school- education, Olympics-winner= pride, awareness, family unit- traditional
Economic: Olympics winner brings publicity for Kenya
Standard of living: factors which affect QofL and can be measured such as possessions.
Income dictates someone's standard of living. Income depends on:
Local level of unemployment and availability of suitable work
Whether work is full-time or part time
Qualifications and level of skill required for the job
Income poverty: household's income is less than 60% if current UK average household income
Fuel poverty: spend more than 10% of income on fuel and therefore cannot afford to heat home
Spatial distribution: the spread of data
GHANA: little or no infrastructure but community is close
ACCRA: good infrastructure, tourism

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Geography- Theme 1: Challenges of living in a built environment
Access to housing
Housing tenure: legal and financial arrangements by which people living in their housing. Types:
Owner occupied: people who live own it either fully or are paying a mortgage (loan) from
bank or building society.
Privately rented: occupier pays rent to an individual who owns the housing
Squatter housing: existing housing is occupied illegally or houses are builtillegally on land
not owned by builder/ occupier.…read more

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Geography- Theme 1: Challenges of living in a built environment
Since 2005, slow decline in owner occupied and social housing and steady rise in
privately rented properties.…read more

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Geography- Theme 1: Challenges of living in a built environment
Isolated shack or tented homes may be put near high quality housing
Squatter towns can exist
Squatter settlements
Informal settlements.
Favelas- Brazil
Shanty towns- India, Uganda.…read more

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Geography- Theme 1: Challenges of living in a built environment
Access to services
Service - things used every day in your area
Catchment area ­ the area from which a shop attracts its customers
Range (services) ­ the furthest distance a customer is willing to travel to shop at a particular store
Retail services ­ services in which goods are sold to the public
Accessibility (services) ­ the ease with which, in this case, a person is able to reach and use a
service
Corner…read more

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Geography- Theme 1: Challenges of living in a built environment
CASE STUDY
Woking- access to servies for different types of people
Location: county of Surrey, SW of central London.
Services in local area:
Leisure Retail Health care Religious
Woking leisure centre Local shops e.…read more

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Geography- Theme 1: Challenges of living in a built environment
Migration
Movement of people from one place to another in order to live.
Not like commuters who travel daily
Two types:
Refugees: people who have to move because life is in danger. Could be natural disaster or
conflict such as war. In the future, a new type could emerge. `Climate migrants' as
extreme weather conditions force people to move from traditional home. Little choice
whether or not to move.…read more

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Geography- Theme 1: Challenges of living in a built environment
Location: Limpopo- far north of SA and Gauteng, South of SA
Limpopo: rural, live on poverty line
Gauteng: most urban city of country
Limpopo Gauteng
Rural push factors: dissatisfied with life in countryside, few rural housing connected to national
grid, do not own electrical appliances to make life easier, lack of money, poor job opportunities,
low QofL, unreliable agriculture in dry season.
For young, educational opportunities/ standards are low.…read more

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Geography- Theme 1: Challenges of living in a built environment
Many households run by eldest child
Eldest cannot go to school as need to feed siblings.…read more

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Geography- Theme 1: Challenges of living in a built environment
Decision making in the planning process:
1) National government set priorities for England
2) Regional assembly creates RSS which is an sustainable integrated plan
3) Officers/ planners in local authority create local development framework
4) Stakeholders give view on LDF
5) Local council vote on plan
INFLUENCE ON PLANNING DECISIONS
Influences
Move of people near city centre. Attracted by
Re-urbanisation proximity of shops, offices.…read more

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