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Page 1

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Geography- Theme 1: Challenges of living in a built environment

Quality of life: happiness, well-being and satisfaction of a person

Factors which influence: Environmental - housing type, condition, amount of open space, noise
and air pollution. Neighbourhood
Social- family, friends, links with people and organisations
Economic - how people obtain…

Page 2

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Geography- Theme 1: Challenges of living in a built environment



Access to housing




Housing tenure: legal and financial arrangements by which people living in their housing. Types:

Owner occupied: people who live own it either fully or are paying a mortgage (loan) from
bank or building society.
Privately rented: occupier…

Page 3

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Geography- Theme 1: Challenges of living in a built environment

Since 2005, slow decline in owner occupied and social housing and steady rise in
privately rented properties.

Privately rented

A) May have to wait a long time for repairs so may not be weatherproofed for while
B) The property is…

Page 4

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Geography- Theme 1: Challenges of living in a built environment

Isolated shack or tented homes may be put near high quality housing
Squatter towns can exist



Squatter settlements
Informal settlements.
Favelas- Brazil
Shanty towns- India, Uganda.

What influences squatters:
1) Most move from countryside to city for opportunities
2) Can…

Page 5

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Geography- Theme 1: Challenges of living in a built environment




Access to services

Service - things used every day in your area
Catchment area ­ the area from which a shop attracts its customers
Range (services) ­ the furthest distance a customer is willing to travel to shop at a…

Page 6

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Geography- Theme 1: Challenges of living in a built environment




CASE STUDY

Woking- access to servies for different types of people

Location: county of Surrey, SW of central London.

Services in local area:

Leisure Retail Health care Religious
Woking leisure centre Local shops e.g Woking community Woking mosque-
Newhaw Cafe…

Page 7

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Geography- Theme 1: Challenges of living in a built environment




Migration

Movement of people from one place to another in order to live.
Not like commuters who travel daily

Two types:

Refugees: people who have to move because life is in danger. Could be natural disaster or
conflict such as…

Page 8

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Geography- Theme 1: Challenges of living in a built environment

Location: Limpopo- far north of SA and Gauteng, South of SA

Limpopo: rural, live on poverty line

Gauteng: most urban city of country

Limpopo Gauteng

Rural push factors: dissatisfied with life in countryside, few rural housing connected to national
grid,…

Page 9

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Geography- Theme 1: Challenges of living in a built environment

Many households run by eldest child
Eldest cannot go to school as need to feed siblings.
Being forced to grow quickly




Urbanisation

Growth of population and the physical increase in size of towns and cities
My be natural increase- birth…

Page 10

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Geography- Theme 1: Challenges of living in a built environment

Decision making in the planning process:

1) National government set priorities for England
2) Regional assembly creates RSS which is an sustainable integrated plan
3) Officers/ planners in local authority create local development framework
4) Stakeholders give view on LDF…

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