Theft Act

The theft act!

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THEFT ACT 1968
1. Basic definition of theft
(1) A person is guilty of theft if he dishonestly appropriates property belonging to
another with the intention of permanently depriving the other of it; and `theft' and `steal'
shall be construed accordingly.
(2) It is immaterial whether the appropriation is made with a view to gain, or is made
for the thief's own benefit.
(3) The five following sections of this Act shall have effect as regards the
interpretation and operation of this section (and, except as otherwise provided by this Act,
shall apply only for purposes of this section).
2. `Dishonestly'
(1) A person's appropriation of property belonging to another is not to be regarded as
dishonest-
(a) if he appropriates the property in the belief that he has in law the right to
deprive the other of it, on behalf of himself or of a third person; or
(b) if he appropriates the property in the belief that he would have the other's
consent if the other knew of the appropriation and the circumstances of it; or
(c) (except where the property came to him as trustee or personal representa-
tive) if he appropriates the property in the belief that the person to whom the
property belongs cannot be discovered by taking reasonable steps.
(2) A person's appropriation of property belonging to another may be dishonest
notwithstanding that he is willing to pay for the property.
3. `Appropriates'
(1) Any assumption by a person of the rights of an owner amounts to an appropriation,
and this includes, where he has come by the property (innocently or not) without stealing it,
any later assumption of a right to it by keeping or dealing with it as owner.
(2) Where property or a right or interest in property is or purports to be transferred for
value to a person acting in good faith, no later assumption by him of rights which he
believed himself to be acquiring shall, by reason of any defect in the transferor's title,
amount to theft of the property.
4. `Property'
(1) `Property' includes money and all other property, real or personal, including things
in action and other intangible property.
(2) A person cannot steal land, or things forming part of land and severed from it by
him or by his directions, except in the following cases, that is to say-
(a) when he is a trustee or personal representative, or is authorised by power
of attorney, or as liquidator of a company, or otherwise, to sell or dispose of land
belonging to another, and he appropriates the land or anything forming part of it
by dealing with it in breach of the confidence reposed in him; or
(b) when he is not in possession of the land and appropriates anything
forming part of the land by severing it or causing it to be severed, or after it has
been severed; or
(c) when, being in possession of the land under a tenancy, he appropriates
the whole or part of any fixture or structure let to be used with the land.
For purposes of this subsection `land' does not include incorporeal hereditaments;
`tenancy' means a tenancy for years or less period and includes an agreement for such a
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A person who picks mushrooms growing wild on any land, or who picks flowers,
fruit or foliage from a plant growing wild on any land, does not (although not in possession
of the land) steal what he picks, unless he does it for reward or for sale or other commercial
purpose.
For purposes of this subsection `mushroom' includes any fungus, and `plant' includes any
shrub or tree.…read more

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Theft
A person guilty of theft shall on conviction on indictment be liable to imprisonment for a
term not exceeding seven years.
8. Robbery
(1) A person is guilty of robbery if he steals, and immediately before or at the time of
doing so, and in order to do so, he uses force on any person or puts or seeks to put any
person in fear of being then and there subjected to force.…read more

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Removal of articles from places open to the public
(1) Subject to subsections (2) and (3) below, where the public have access to a
building in order to view the building or part of it, or a collection or part of a collection
housed in it, any person who without lawful authority removes from the building or its
grounds the whole or part of any article displayed or kept for display to the public in the
building or that part of it or in its…read more

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Obtaining property by deception
(1) A person who by any deception dishonestly obtains property belonging to another,
with the intention of permanently depriving the other of it, shall on conviction on
indictment be liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding ten years.
(2) For purposes of this section a person is to be treated as obtaining property if he obtains
ownership, possession or control of it, and `obtain' includes obtaining for another or
enabling another to obtain or to retain.…read more

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Banking Act 1987
(fraudulent inducement to make a deposit).
(5) For the purposes of subsection (4) above-
(a) all the activities which a person carries on by way of business shall be
regarded as a single business carried on by him; and
(b) `money' includes money expressed in a currency other than sterling or in
the European currency unit (as defined in Council Regulation No. 3320/94/EC or
any Community instrument replacing it).
16.…read more

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False statements by company directors, etc.
(1) Where an officer of a body corporate or unincorporated association (or person
purporting to act as such), with intent to deceive members or creditors of the body
corporate or association about its affairs, publishes or concurs i n publishing a written
statement or account which to his knowledge is or may be misleading, false or deceptive in
a material particular, he shall on conviction on indictment be liable to imprisonment for a
term not exceeding seven years.…read more

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Handling stolen goods
(1) A person handles stolen goods if (otherwise than in the course of the stealing)
knowing or believing them to be stolen goods he dishonestly receives the goods, or
dishonestly undertakes or assists in their retention, removal, disposal or realisation by or for
the benefit of another person, or if he arranges to do so.
(2) A person guilty of handling stolen goods shall on conviction on indictment be
liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding fourteen years.
23.…read more

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A credit to an account is wrongful if it is the credit side of a money transfer
obtained contrary to section 15A of this Act.
(4) A credit to an account is also wrongful to the extent that it derives from-
(a) theft;
(b) an offence under section 15A of this Act;
(c) blackmail; or
(d) stolen goods.…read more

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