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Who are the WHO and what
do they do???
1305…read more

Slide 2

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The WHO ­ World Health
· Part of the United Nations.
· The WHO's objective is the attainment by
all peoples of the highest level of health.
· Help with big issues, worldwide, for
example poverty, poor nutrition and
hygiene, poor/ inadequate health services,
civil unrest/ warfare etc.…read more

Slide 3

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Important Words
Endemic ­ Always present in a population
Epidemic ­ Spreads rapidly over a large
area (country)
Pandemic ­ Worldwide spreading
Incidence ­ Causes/ cases
Prevalence ­ Number of cases at one time
Morbidity - % within a given population
Mortality ­ Number of deaths per year…read more

Slide 4

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· Malaria
· Tuberculosis…read more

Slide 5

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Malaria and its worldwide
· Malaria is a life-threatening disease caused by parasites that
are transmitted to people through the bites of infected
· A child dies of malaria every 30 seconds.
· There were 247 million cases of malaria in 2006, causing about
880,000 deaths, mostly among African children.
· Malaria is preventable and curable.
· Approximately half of the world's population is at risk of malaria,
particularly those living in lower-income countries.
· Travellers from malaria-free areas to disease "hot spots" are
especially vulnerable to the disease.
· Malaria takes an economic toll - cutting economic growth rates
by as much as 1.3% in countries with high disease rates.…read more

Slide 6

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Estimates show that more than 80,000
people are now living with HIV in the UK
7,740 people have so far been reported as
newly diagnosed with HIV during 2007.
There are around 25,000 people in the UK
who are unaware of their infection.
About one-third of newly diagnosed HIV-
infected adults are diagnosed late.…read more

Slide 7

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