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The Welfare State.
In the 188081 Boer war 40% of men were
unfit to fight, highlighted the need for better medical care for
1905 the liberal government were elected. They wanted to
attack the problem of poverty
1906 Free school meals were introduced made sure
children had at least one good meal.
1907 School medical inspections, to detect any problems
with the health of children.
1909 Old age pensions act, those over 70 could receive 5
shillings (25p) a week.
1909 Labor exchanges to help the unemployed, start
1911 National insurance introduced sickness benefits,
unemployment benefits for up to 16 weeks. However they
only covered the worker, not the rest of the family. It provided
TB treatment free in hospitals. However many doctors
refused to join the scheme as they would get less money (6
shillings per patient)
1918 post natal clinics introduced
1919 ministry of health was established
This was the start of the welfare state, but the main changes
happened after WW2. They were based on the Beveridge
report published in 1942.
WW2 changed attitudes evacuation showed contrast
between rich and the poor. Rationing showed diets could be
easily changed. Emergency medical services took over
hospitals and improved healthcare quickly.
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Beveridge report in 1942 became a bestseller, it outlined the
importance of tackling the 5 giant evils including want and
disease. Did face opposition though, main grounds of
opposition was the cost of this.
1948 The national insurance covered everyone free of
charge this was the start of the NHS.
In 1950 the money ran out, and the budget has risen every
year since introduction due to more expensive drugs and
complex treatments. It had to charge for some services.…read more