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MOBILISING A FIGHTING
FORCE…read more

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Voluntarism
· At the outbreak of war Britain had small
professional army of just under 250,000.
· The regular army was too small to be waging a war
in Europe, expansion was necessary.
· The liberal government under Asquith wished to
have a voluntary method of recruitment and to
avoid conscription.…read more

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Enter Lord Kitchener
5th August 1914
· Kitchener is made Secretary of State for War.
· Kitchener tells the cabinet the war:
­ would last at least 3 years.
­ would require at least a million men.
6th August 1914
· Parliament authorises the increase of the army to
500,000.
7th August 1914
· Kitchener calls for the `first 100,00'
· Target reached by 25th August 1914.…read more

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Voluntarism: `Pals
battalions'
· `Those who joined together should serve
together'
· Some 250,000 men joined, forming over 300
battalions:
­ friends, sporting teams, orchestras, artists.
­ White Star shipping, the Cunard line & the Cotton
Exchange, all formed platoons
· This method meant entire communities
were devastated in single assaults.…read more

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Voluntarism: `Derby
Scheme'
· By Spring 1915, volunteering numbers had
dwindled but an attrition war needed more.
15th July 1915
· The National Registrations Act was passed, this
`census' revealed 3.4 million men of military age and
not in `starred' occupations were not serving.
11th October 1915
· Lord Derby appointed Director-General of
Recruitment and invited men aged 18-41 to attest
their willingness to fight.
· The scheme saw 215,000 men enlist with 38% of
single males not coming forward.…read more

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