First 368 words of the document:
The value of art
Imitation and truth
Art is valued for giving us truth.
Not usually factual truth but, moral and spiritual truth. Truth in art is often focusing on one
idea or an insight into how an individual or the world works. E.g. School at Athens Raphael
focuses on the idea of philosophy.
We like portraits not just to give us likenesses but an insight into the person's character.
Objections- Trompe l'oeil is not hugely valued, forgeries are not hugely valued, and
expressionism, impressionism and abstract art are valued. Truth is art is often incidental, we
can get a better idea from non-fiction. Plato no truth to far from the world of the forms.
Process of creating art: inspiration -> creation of artwork -> expression revealed to audience
Aristotle believed that art was good for catharsis, purging of the emotions. We would see a
drama with people murdering others (e.g. Othello) and so would be purged of anger and
would not go out and murder ourselves.
Tolstoy believed that expression should be moral and encourage morality.
Croce and Benedetto believed that art should only exist for expression and should not be
muddied by anything else. Art is a catalyst for emotion and can clarify emotion. The artist
does not understand the emotion they are conveying.
Objections some expression is worthless, art should take us beyond mundane emotion, art
has a social context.
Form is the characteristics of an artwork the artist has chosen, e.g. in painting colour and
shape, in music key and rhythm etc.
This gives the art beauty and so is what we should value it for.
Art with no expression or truth can be valued for its art, e.g. abstract.
Form could be skill and talent of the artist, way of explaining why we like something or
Objections - Form does not translate across the artworks, art should have a wider emphasis
and form makes art distant to the average viewer.