The USSR from Stalin to Gorbachev - Statistics by Topic

This is a very similar resource to my timeline of statistics that can be found below, apart from I have rearranged all the information to be by topic instead of by leader. That way it may be useful for the third question on the aqa exam, which sweeps the entire timescale based on a specific theme (e.g. the strength of the economy between 1945 and 1991).

I hope it's useful.

The timeline:

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The Collapse of the USSR ­ By topic

Political Structure:
1937 Stalin's purge ­ 35,000 officers were imprisoned or shot
October 1942 Commissars were abolished in small units so those with proper expertise
could prevail.
After 1948 Stalin withdrew from the public limelight and made only one important speech…

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The only significant policy innovation was the approval of a scheme to turn several
northflowing rivers down southwards towards the Soviet republics of Central Asia, which
was ecologically dubious.
A new Party Programme was drafted (of little practical relevance), which led to debates
over the nature of socialism.
March 1985…

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In March 1991 a referendum on the subject of a new union treaty indicated that 76.4% of
voters were in favour of the Soviet Union (although 6 republics refused to take part). 70%
were also in favour of an elected Russian President.
12th June 1991 Yeltsin was formally elected President…

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Between 1953 and 1956 there was a rise of 25% in the price of grain procurements.
1953 Khrushchev launched the `Virgin Land Scheme'. Over 250,000 volunteers enlisted,
12,000 tractors were provided and 6 million acres were freshly ploughed in the first year of
the scheme.
Between 1955 and 1965…

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1980 Output of refrigerators grew to 5.9 million (from 1.7 million in 1980).
In 1980 private plots made up 4% of the USSR's cultivated land but produced 30% of its
1981 ­ 1985 Average grain output was 181 million tons per year.
Throughout the 1980s the USSR continued to…

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In 1970 the Soviet space probe Luna 16 landed on the moon and collected fragments before
returning safely.
April 1971 the space station Salyut 1 was sent into orbit.
June 1971 the cosmonauts in a space capsule docked with the station and remained in
space for 23 days.

National republics/religious…

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April 1990 The Law of Secession made secession theoretically possible but made the
process very slow and complicated (2/3 of the population were required to vote for
independence in a referendum, there'd be a fiveyear transition period and smaller national
groups could opt out and remain in the USSR).

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1954 Vietnam was partitioned into the Communist Republic of North Vietnam and the
nonCommunist Republic of South Vietnam. The US strengthened South Vietnam so that it
would act as a barrier against further Communist expansion. Under Khrushchev, the USSR
kept a relatively low profile in events in Vietnam, until US…

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September 1983 A Soviet fighter shot down South Korean airliner KAL007, which had
accidentally strayed into Soviet air space. 269 passengers were killed and tensions
He called for a summit with US President Reagan and for an arms reduction treaty but
Reagan regarded the USSR as the `evil…

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May 1988 The Democratic Union was set up ­ the first new noncommunist political group
since the revolution.
During the spring and summer of 1989 there were 51 mass demonstrations involving over
350,000 people.
Autumn 1989 the miners of Vorkuta went on strike with political demands such as the


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