Slides in this set
· January 1933 The Nazi's main instrument of terror and violence was the SA.
· February 1933 The SA and the Stahlhelm* joined together and were known as the
`auxiliary police'. The regular police forces were forbidden from interfering with the
· February 1933 The Reichstag Fire.
· March 1933 Left wing parties were practically driven underground during the
Reichstag election campaigns.
· March 1933 The Enabling Act was passed by the Reichstag.
· May 1933 All trade unions are abolished and their leaders are arrested.
* The Stalhelm were a paramilitary organisation made up of ex-servicemen who were
dedicated to the restoration of the monarchy and revival of Germany as a military power.…read more
· June 1933 Hitler makes an agreement with the Pope, called the Concordat,
as he sees him as someone who can destroy Communism. This agreement
allows Hitler to take over political power in Germany as long as he leaves the
Catholic Church alone.
· July 1933 All political parties are banned.
· July 1933 The SA had arrested 26,789 political prisoners and were
imprisoned in 70 camps. The SA had begun an assault on their socialist and
· April 1934 Hitler sets up the People's Court where judges have to swear
an oath of loyalty to the Nazis.…read more
THE ROLE OF THE SA
· The SA had started an attack of their socialist and communist opponents.
· National and local leaders of the SPD and the Communists were arrested.
· Election meetings were interrupted and broken up.
· Newspapers were suppressed and election leaflets became impossible to distribute.
· Violence and intimidation intensified against the left after the Reichstag Fire and after
the *Decree for the Protection of the People and the State had been issued.
*The Decree for the Protection of the People and the State said that it was permissible to
restrict the rights of personal freedom, freedom of opinion, including the freedom of the
press, the freedom to organize and assemble, the privacy of postal, telegraphic and
telephonic communications, and warrants for house searches, orders for confiscations as
well as restrictions on property. This gave the SA plenty of opportunity to continue their
HOW DID TERROR HELP TO
CONSOLIDATE HITLER'S POSITION
· Passing the Enabling Act? It gave Hitler power to make laws.
· Abolishing Trade Unions? It allowed Hitler to destroy possible
threats and gave him the opportunity to set up the German Labour
Front which gave him control over all German workers.
· Concordat? It was a temporary truce that allowed Hitler to ban
the Catholic Centrum Party without opposition from the Catholic
· Banning Political Parties? It made Germany a one party state
and meant that Germans could not get rid of Hitler in an election.
· People's Court? It allowed Hitler to have control over judgements
made in court. Previously Hitler had been angry that the courts had
not sentenced the Communists to death over the Reichstag Fire.…read more
How the role of the SA and
the use of terror
One of the reasons Hitler's
for the Nazis rising rule
to power was the rapid expansion
of the SA. By 1934 the SA (leaded by Ernst Rohm) was becoming
increasingly powerful. Initially drawing from the ranks of young
unemployed working class men, its membership had grown from 100,000
members in 1931 to 3,000,000 in 1934.
- During 1933, many ambitious men had joined the SA as a way to
- Growing support for Hitler, which impacted his rule because he was
becoming more powerful.
- As the Nazis gained power through democratic means, the SA gained a
reputation as a well-organised gang of violent thugs. This frightened and
put many off Nazism, but others were attracted by the organisation and
discipline of a uniformed group.…read more