The UK's ageing population

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  • Created on: 18-03-13 22:07
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UK'S AGEING POPULATION
Stage 5 of DTM
Fertility rate is 1.8 (replacement level fertility is 2.1 where population sustains itself)
By 2003 there were 20 million people over the age of 50.
Regressive population pyramid.
Causes
LONGER LIFE EXPECTANY
Healthcare, treatment and prevention has improved e.g. NHS introduced in 1948 and the
vaccinations allowing the disappearance of some diseases e.g. Polio in the UK. UK and EU health and
safety laws regulate all hazardous aspects of peoples lives e.g. car seat belt use. Nutrition, Diets and
lifestyle have improved e.g. public smoking ban in 2007 and healthier school meals to help tackle
obesity. Globalisation has led to outsourcing hazardous jobs to NICs, creating risk free office
environment jobs in the UK.
FALLING FERTILITY RATE
The emancipation of women ­ improved status and working opportunities has led to women
postponing having kids (average age 30). Contraception, abortion (legalised in 1967) and sex
education for young people ensures that the risks of early pregnancy are well understood. Rising
costs of living ­ average cost to bring up children is 194,000 (2009 survey), therefore women limit
the number of kids they have in order to provide well for family as well as maintaining their consumer
lifestyle. External causes include the global depression in the 1930s and rising energy costs in 1970s,
which both led to limiting family size.
REPEATING EFFECT OF THE POST WAR BABY BOOM CAUSED BY AN INCREASE IN BIRTH RATE AS
SOLDIERS RETURN HOME.

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