The Uk USA and Australia (ocr unit 2)

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The UK USA and Australia
USA
Characteristics of the USA
The USA is a powerful, relatively young nation.
Over the past 250 years the USA has been a 'land of opportunity' for countless immigrants.
The country has a belief in individualism where each person is responsible for their own
destiny and success.
This individualism leads to capitalism which is a system based on private or corporate
ownership and the investment of money for profit
Capitalism influences sport in the USA
The Nature of Sport in the USA
The 'win ethic' dominates sport at all levels in the USA
Winning is more important than taking part
The result is what matters
Second place is not an option
According to a legendary American football coach, Vince Lombardi, 'winning isn't the most
important thing - it is the only thing'
American Dream
The American Dream is the dream of success, freedom, equality and security
The dream gets you from 'Rags to Riches' or from 'Zero to Hero'
Prosperity and success depend on ability and hard work - not class or background
Anyone can achieve the 'Dream'
Commercialism
In America sport means big business. Sport is a commodity and companies use it to promote
their products and to achieve goodwill.
TV and advertising fund top level professional sport (The Golden Triangle).
American football is a multi-billion dollar business. The NFL is a group of companies with
teams either privately owned (e.g. Chicago Bears) or run as public companies (e.g. the Green
Bay Packers Foundation). Teams are bought or inherited and run as 'franchises'.
Competition between TV networks for coverage rights inflates the cost of NFL franchises
which sometimes relocate hundreds of miles from their traditional fan base just for profit.
American football
Origins and nature of the game
Also called 'gridiron' because of the original markings of the pitch. The game developed in
the 'Ivy League' universities such as Yale, Harvard, Princeton and Rutgers. In the early 1800s

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Characteristics
In the early days of the sport, serious injury and death were not uncommon as players wore
very little protective clothing. Characteristics of toughness, endeavour and courage which
were needed to be successful in the game reflected the spirit of the early settlers in the
USA. After adaptations, revisions and modifications American football developed its own
rules, tactics and style of play.…read more

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UK
Influence of sport came from public sports
Class system determined privilege in sport and lifestyle
Society - A community of people bound together by similar traditions
Cultural - The traditions, beliefs, customs, practices and social behaviour of a particular
society
Athleticism - Physical endeavour with moral integrity. This means that, you need to try hard
but incorporate team work, loyalty, fair play, sportsmanship.
Role of 19th century public schools
Public school are elite boarding schools were the foundations of sport were invented.…read more

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Australia
New culture
Privilege was not a feature of society - Didn't have a class structure (land of the fair go)
Sports from UK were adopted by Australia
Part of the empire - UK was the motherland, was part of British empire (criminals)
Victory against UK is significant (national progress)
Climate is diverse (favourable conditions for sport)
22 million population (low population density) - urban country
distance was a problem to sports development - airports for internal travel
Spectators of sport
Large disposable incomes to…read more

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Strategies to promote sport participation
Primary and High schools - Sport taught to the highest quality in primary and high schools.…read more

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