The Third Home Rule Bill - Ireland

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Millie Rollason Home Rule Questions
THE THIRD HOME RULE BILL
What was the Parliament Act of August 1911?
Note: O'Farrell and Foster saw that Redmond was unable to influence the Liberals, but O'Leary and
Maume disagreed, looking to the Lord's reform of evidence that he was quite powerful. Others
argue that Liberal action was brought about through pressure from Irish nationalists and reliance on
Irish votes. Patricia Jalland on the other hand argues that the policy was `the logical consequence of
a longstanding commitment'
Redmond had promised IPPs support of the Liberals, in return for Home Rule and that the Lord's veto
would be abolished:
Enough Liberal lords were put in to outvote the conservatives and unionists in there
King George V allowed this only if there was a general election called to secure a popular
mandate for such reform
Liberal, Labour and Irish campaigned to win the public support
Issue of long-drawn out constitutional crisis came to an end
Terms:
A money bill approved by the House of Commons must become law within a month of
being sent to the House of Lords whether the Lords approved it or not.
The Speaker of the Commons would decide if it was a money bill or not
Any bill which the House of Commons approved in three successive sessions would
become law even if the Lords rejected it.
o Parliamentary bills usually last a year from November
o There must be at least two years from the first to the last time the Commons
approved a bill
A general election had to be held within five years of the last one instead of seven.
o This restricted how long the Commons could override the Lords after an election
What were its consequences for Ireland?
This was important for Ireland because it was the Lord's veto that shot down the previous Home Rule
bill.
The lords were landlords and therefore not ready to give way to a bill that could
potentially harm the financial situation of upper-class landowners
By abolishing the Lord's veto, the path was made for the Home Rule Bill in Ireland (Third Home Rule
Bill/Government of Ireland Bill 1912-14)
`supremacy of Westminster would be unaffected and undiminished'
It meant that Ireland's `Irish affairs' would come under the jurisdiction of a devolved Irish
government.
Not including taxation, but things like pensions and national insurance schemes
Alvin Jackson: `painfully modest grant of legislative autonomy'
Upper house Senate (appointed by British government) and elected Commons
42 MPs in Westminster in stead of over 100
Executive branch responsible to Parliament
Ulster to be included in self-governing
When was the Third Home Rule Bill introduced?
April 1912, under Liberal PM Asquith

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Millie Rollason Home Rule Questions
Why did many Catholics want to stay part of the British Empire?
Being part of the union had its benefits, for trade for example.…read more

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Millie Rollason Home Rule Questions
It meant that the Liberals had to rely on the Irish Nationalists and Labour in order for
Asquith to stay in power.
The Lords also accepted the Liberals authority and therefore passed the budget.…read more

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Millie Rollason Home Rule Questions
24-25 April, the UVF defied the ban on importing arms and obtained 35,000 rifles and
five million rounds of ammunition from Germany and was quietly distributed throughout
the province.
o Strengthened the UVF
o But, such violence could be less popular towards the British public...…read more

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