The THAW - WHAT WERE the CAUSES of the HUNGARIAN UPRISING

looks at the causes of the Hungarian Uprising and how that relates to the thaw

a2 history with edexcel

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  • Created on: 29-06-12 13:06
Preview of The THAW - WHAT WERE the CAUSES of the HUNGARIAN UPRISING

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What were the causes of the Hungarian Uprising of 1956?
Khrushchev's Secret Speech
Khrushchev made an important speech at the 20th Party Conference in 1956
He denounced Stalin
"Stalin used extreme methods and mass repressions at a time when the revolution was already
victorious"
The CIA acquired a copy and broadcasted it
People were shocked, but it inspired hope of great political change
Unrest in Poland inspired the Hungarians
Sent a strong signal to opposition groups in Poland that they could press for change
Workers protested against changes and 53 were killed by Polish police
Khrushchev moved troops to the Polish border
Gomulka was elected as the new leader and allowed to make a number of moderate reforms
The Red Army withdrew
Many Hungarians hated the hard-line Communist government of Rakosi
Many Hungarians felt bitter about losing their freedom of speech
People lived in fear of the secret police
Russian signs, shops and schools were there. Hungarians had to pay for the Soviets to be there
They were being lied to; the money was being spent on armaments
The USSR refused to buttress the hard-line Communist Hungarian leader Rakosi
Hungarian reformers began demonstrations to put pressure on the government
The Hungarians believed that it would be similar to Poland and, if they overthrew Rakosi, the Soviets
wouldn't intervene
It was also rumoured that the USA intended to send help

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