the thaw table

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  • Created on: 19-03-15 09:42
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Between 1949-61 approx. 2.7 million E.Germans fled to West most of them using
Berlin as a route outThis embarrassed Moscow and undermined its legitimacy
13th August 1961-Led to construction of Berlin Wall
1950's and 60's USSR was still able to exercise their power over Finland when they
1950 felt it was being threatened
1953 East Germany: following Stalin's death the Soviet leadership began to adopt a more
moderate and less oppressive system of governance
Lavrenti Beria, a potential leader of the USSR proposed reunification Germany
However Walter Ulbricht, the dictator of communist East Germany was still a
dedicated Stalinist, and had no desire to liberalise or unify his country. Begun
programme of Soviet-style industrialisation to increase the speed of socialism.
However workers' began striking to show their anger at these changes
These strikes gradually escalated into a nationwide uprising against communist
rule in June 1953
Soviet troops required to restore order with roughly 25,000 people being arrest
and 400 executed
1953-61 The space race-informal competition between US and USSR to launch
unmanned satellites, send people into space and land them on the moon
Officially began in 1955 when both the USSR and USA began building missiles to
help launch objects into space
USSR launched the first ever space satellite Sputnik
In response Eisenhower administration created NASA (1958), an agency
responsible for the civilian space programme
In January 1958 the US successfully launched their first satellite (Juno I rocket)
US Air Force began a program to launch a man into space but they were beaten
by USSR on the 12th April 1961, who were the first country to put a man into
5th May 1961 the US launched the first American into space
20th September 1963, at a speech at the UN General Assembly, Kennedy
proposed that the US and USSR should join forces in their efforts to reach the
Moon­Khrushchev initially rejected the proposal
1st Nov-USA detonated their first hydrogen bomb in the Pacific Ocean
25th Jan-18th Feb Berlin Foreign Ministers Conference-Included French, British, US
1954 and USSR
Wanted to discuss Korean War, Indo-China war with France, European Security
(specifically a unified Germany) and the future of Austria with a peace treaty
Little progress was made except in Austria as Russia agreed to withdraw troops
but only if it remained neutral
Geneva agreement was agreed upon
April-Eisenhower's `Domino Theory'-if Vietnam fell to communism others
surrounding it will soon follow
18th-27th June Guatemalan coup d'état-covert operation carried out by the CIA tha
removed the democratically elected President Jacobo Árbenz and ended the
Guatemalan Revolution

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September-`Domino Theory' promoted formation of SEATO (South East Asian Treat
Organisation), a military alliance between US and countries of SE Asia
14th May Warsaw Pact-formation of Pact was driven by the USSR's desire to
dominate central and Eastern Europe, wanted to spread his Communist and Social
ideals over a large spectrum and emerge as the global leader of the socialist
15th May Austrian State Treaty- treaty establishing the Second Austrian Republic as
an independent state.…read more

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There was a bloody coup that toppled the pro-Western government of Iraq. This led
to a dispatch of US marines in Lebanon
23rd August-Mao's forces started shelling the offshore islands of Quemoy and Mats
in the Taiwan Strait. These islands had been claimed by Chiang Kaishek's nationalist
forces after he lost out to Mao in the Chinese civil war. US thought this might be a
prelude to an attack on Taiwan which the US had pledged to defend Taiwan.…read more


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