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Slide 2

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Up! Up! my friend, and clear your looks,
Why all this toil and trouble?
Up! Up! My friend, and quit your books,
Or surely you'll grow double.
When I first read this as a modern reader I got connotations of wizardry `Up! Up!'
­ `Harry Potter and the Philosopher's stone', and this idea was supported by `toil and trouble' as this is what
the three witches from `Macbeth' use to say. I feel this use of `evil' in Wordsworth eyes was wrong and
he is comparing books to be menacing and not natural, and then stating `surely you'll grow double'
implying that by not moving, experiencing and seeing nature and instead being sedentary and serious
you will become obese! So the `Up!Up!' is Wordsworth telling his friend to literally get up so he does
not become obese.
to note every 2nd ending of the line rhymes e.g. books and looks, trouble and double this technique is used
throughout the poem. The technique is known as end rhyme ­ occurring at the end of two or more lines
of verse. The rhymes are also a mixture of masculine and feminine rhymes. Masculine rhyme is one
syllable rhyming with another word e.g. looks and books.
Feminine rhyme occurs when the last two syllables of a word rhyme with another e.g. trouble and double.
To note further nearly all lines 1 and 3 in the poem are masculine end rhymes and 2 and 4 lines are
feminine end rhymes. This may have been done by Wordsworth to create more emotion and power to
support his feelings on nature. In general known as interlocking rhymes (abab).
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Slide 3

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The sun above the mountain's head,
A freshening lustre mellow,
Through all the long green fields has spread,
His first sweet evening yellow.
This stanza is about the beauty of nature, which is portrayed to the reader through the evocative descriptive
imagery which appeals to our visual and tactile imagery. This done effectively by Wordsworth, as he is trying to
convey natural beauty to not only his friend but to readers as well. I also felt Wordsworth was personifying
nature `mountain's head' and my idea is supported later in the poem...'let nature be your teacher...she has a
world of ready wealth'.
I feel that this particular stanza also takes shape of the poems message, with line 3 `Through all the long green
fields has spread' spreading out like grass in a long green field, this done by it being the longest line and like
the word is spreading out.
Books! `tis a dull and endless strife,
Come, hear the woodland linnet,
How sweet his music; on my life
There's more of wisdom in it.
This stanza is again Wordsworth telling his friend that's books are `dull' and tedious and that if
he went into the woods and heard the linnet, which is a small finch he would learn more
wisdom from it than from any book he has ever read before. The semi colon `music;' I feel is
there to show that Wordsworth is really thinking about what he says next but wants to carry his
message across and I feel when he says `on my life there's more of wisdom in it' as a reader that
this is a very truthful and emotional statement from the heart from Wordsworth. This poem
though has irony written all over it because although Wordsworth is preaching about how great
nature is he is writing this poem knowing full well that it will be written into a book which
people will read, the thing he does not want his friend to do.
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Slide 4

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And hark! How blithe the throstle sings!
And he is no mean preacher;
come forth into the light of things,
Let Nature be your teacher.
This stanza I feel has several connotations to God, such as `hark...preacher...teacher' and this
idea of mine is supported as Wordsworth was said to of seen God in nature, there by
entwining the two ideas nature is God and again this is supported further along in the poem
where nature is spelt with a capital N, again a personification. Instead of nature being called
God though there is another name for it which is `Mother Nature'. Nature is a symbol of
She has a world of ready wealth,
Our minds and hearts to bless-
Spontaneous wisdom breathed by health,
Truth breathed by chearfulness.
In this stanza Wordsworth is continuing his feelings on `Mother Nature' and referring to the
2nd and 4th stanza in relation to health, as being out in the nature your `health' is better and
you will learn `wisdom' while being outside in the nature rather than inside reading books.
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Slide 5

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One impulse from a vernal wood
May teach you more of man;
Of moral evil and of good,
than all the sages can.
Connotations of God are again found in this stanza through the last three lines. This repetition done to re
enforce how powerful nature is. But as humans we have to learn good and evil and this can also be
found in nature.
Sweet is the lore which nature brings;
Our meddling intellect
Mis-shapes the beauteous forms of things;
-We murder to dissect.
In this stanza I feel Wordsworth is trying to say that as humans we can not enjoy something
without knowing how it works, functions etc and that leads to the disruption in nature where
animals etc are killed so we are able to understand `our meddling intellect. Both these `;' are
bringing a bad message along with them which I feel Wordsworth feels bad about as he loves
nature and feels they needed to be addressed.
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Slide 6

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Enough of science and of art;
Close up these barren leaves;
Come forth, and bring you a heart
That watches and receives.
· This is the final and closing stanza and like the poem is closing the message
of the poem up. Wordsworth I feel believes he has managed to successfully
convey the message of nature across to the reader so at this point in the
novel shows that the novel can close up and wrap up nature, the nature like
the poem is finishing `close up these barren leaves'. Nature can be closed as
he believes people are now able to leave their books alone and if they go to
mother nature with their hearts they will learn a lot.
Further notes
· The poem is in ballad form, written in iambs with 4 beats in the first and
third lines of each stanza, and three beats in the second and fourth lines.
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