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Slide 1

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Slide 2

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There are two Senators for each state, and
thus there have been 100 Senators in total
since 1959.
Senators are elected for terms of 6 years, and
there is no limit on the number of terms they
may serve for. Elections are staggered so
roughly one third of Senators are elected
every two years (to correspond with House
To be elected, a Senator must be a) at least 30
years old, b) have been a US citizen for at least
nine years, and c) an incumbent of the state
they wish to represent…read more

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Male (83% of Senators are male)
Old (average age is 63)
White (96% of Senators are white-
As with the House, if Republican take all
trends to a greater extent (the GOP is not
the most diverse party in the world)…read more

Slide 4

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The Senate has sole power to:
Confirm Presidential appointments
Ratify treaties
Try cases of impeachment
Elect Vice-President if Electoral College is deadlocked
And, in conjunction with the House, can:
Pass legislation
Override the President's veto
Institute constitutional amendments
Declare war
Confirm a newly appointed VP…read more

Slide 5

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Technically speaking, the House is equal to
the Senate
However, Senators tend to have more
respect than Representatives (because there
are fewer of them and the rules for becoming
a Senator are slightly more stringent)
Also, the Senate as a whole is seen as a little
more prestigious…read more

Slide 6

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Rules on electing Senators were not always
adhered to particularly well. Several
Senators have been appointed below the
required age of 30. Also, Joe Biden was
elected aged 29, but was 30 by the time he
took the oath.
Technically, the Vice-President is the
Presiding Officer of the Senate, but he tends
to not bother and delegate it to a more
junior official…read more


Old Sir


Very simple and straightforward, this resource explains the make up of the senate but does not extend into senate committees or its relationship in legislating with the house of representatives.

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