The Role of Education in Society: Functionalist Approach

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The Role of Education in Society
Functionalist Approach
Functionalists argue that education has three broad functions:
1. Socialisation- education helps to maintain society by socialising young people into key
cultural values such as equality of opportunity.
2. Skills provision- education teaches the skills required by a modern industrial society. These
may be general skills that everyone needs, such as literacy and numeracy, or the specific
skills needed for particular occupations.
3. Role allocation- education allocates people to the most appropriate job for their talents,
using examinations and qualifications. This is seen to be fair because there is equality of


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