Slides in this set
Problems facing the Weimar Republic
· Weimar Constitution- Proportional Representation meant that it
was very rare that one party had majority of seats, this led to
coalition governments which were weak and lead to lots of re-
· Treaty of Versailles- German people believed it was the fault of
the Politian's that Germany had lost WW1, so they felt betrayed
when the Government signed the Treaty.
· Social Divisions- Some people wanted a revolution to give power
to the workers while others wanted stronger Governments.
· Communist Rising- The Spartacists, attempted to begin a
revolution but were unsuccessful.
· Kapp Putsch- Right- Wing attempt to seize power in Berlin 1920.
· Reparations- As part of the Treaty of Versailles Germany had to
pay back £6.6 Million…read more
Hyperinflation and Invasion of the Ruhr- The Government printed
more money but did not have the resources to support the
currency; this then led to hyperinflation. When Germany could not
make the reparation payments due in 1923, France and Belgium
invaded the Ruhr, which made the economic situation worse.
· Social Effects of Hyperinflation- As a result of the Hyperinflation in
1923, money was almost worthless and people could not keep up
with the standard of living, the rate of unemployment was also
· Hitler's Munich (Beer Hall) Putsch- In 1923 Hitler led a right wing
attempt to seize power in Munich, but collapsed when he faced
opposition from the police.…read more
· The Spartacist Uprising- January 1919
The Spartacists wanted to replace the Weimar Republic with
The leaders were Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht.
From the 5th- 11th January 1919, the Sparticists fought in an
To stop them the government encouraged the formation of the
Freikorps (anti-Communist volunteer units).
The poorly organised Communists were easily crushed and 100
died compared to 13 Freikorps.
On the 15th, the Freikorps murdered Luxemburg and Liebknecht.
Over the next few months the Freikorps crushed many
communist uprisings killing thousands of supporters.…read more
The Kapp Putsch March 1920-
13th March 1920
Right wing extremists staged an armed uprising in Berlin
The army was angry that it had been cut due to the Treaty of
Versailles so had to join the Freikorps (unofficial armed force).
The Allies were worried about the size of the unofficial forces so
orders Germany to disband them.
March 1920, the Government tried to disband the Freikorps but
they eventually seized control of Berlin.
The army refused to fire at the Freikorps because they were ex-
soldiers so they went unpunished.
The Government appealed to the workers and they staged a
general strike causing Germany to come to a stand still and an
end to the uprising.
Those who were involved in the strike were never punished, as
without the support of the Army, the Government could do little
against them.…read more
1932- The Year of Crises
· Financial Problems:
The Weimar Government had to borrow and print
more money in order to finance the war, this
The value of money fell and Germany were
unable to keep up with the reparation payments.
This led to the French occupation of the Ruhr,
which led to more money problems.…read more