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Problems facing the Weimar Republic
in 1919-1923
· Weimar Constitution- Proportional Representation meant that it
was very rare that one party had majority of seats, this led to
coalition governments which were weak and lead to lots of re-
· Treaty of Versailles- German people believed it was the fault of
the Politian's that Germany had lost WW1, so they felt betrayed
when the Government signed the Treaty.
· Social Divisions- Some people wanted a revolution to give power
to the workers while others wanted stronger Governments.
· Communist Rising- The Spartacists, attempted to begin a
revolution but were unsuccessful.
· Kapp Putsch- Right- Wing attempt to seize power in Berlin 1920.
· Reparations- As part of the Treaty of Versailles Germany had to
pay back £6.6 Million…read more

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Hyperinflation and Invasion of the Ruhr- The Government printed
more money but did not have the resources to support the
currency; this then led to hyperinflation. When Germany could not
make the reparation payments due in 1923, France and Belgium
invaded the Ruhr, which made the economic situation worse.
· Social Effects of Hyperinflation- As a result of the Hyperinflation in
1923, money was almost worthless and people could not keep up
with the standard of living, the rate of unemployment was also
· Hitler's Munich (Beer Hall) Putsch- In 1923 Hitler led a right wing
attempt to seize power in Munich, but collapsed when he faced
opposition from the police.…read more

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· The Spartacist Uprising- January 1919
­ The Spartacists wanted to replace the Weimar Republic with
­ The leaders were Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht.
­ From the 5th- 11th January 1919, the Sparticists fought in an
armed uprising.
­ To stop them the government encouraged the formation of the
Freikorps (anti-Communist volunteer units).
­ The poorly organised Communists were easily crushed and 100
died compared to 13 Freikorps.
­ On the 15th, the Freikorps murdered Luxemburg and Liebknecht.
­ Over the next few months the Freikorps crushed many
communist uprisings killing thousands of supporters.…read more

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The Kapp Putsch March 1920-
­ 13th March 1920
­ Right wing extremists staged an armed uprising in Berlin
­ The army was angry that it had been cut due to the Treaty of
Versailles so had to join the Freikorps (unofficial armed force).
­ The Allies were worried about the size of the unofficial forces so
orders Germany to disband them.
­ March 1920, the Government tried to disband the Freikorps but
they eventually seized control of Berlin.
­ The army refused to fire at the Freikorps because they were ex-
soldiers so they went unpunished.
­ The Government appealed to the workers and they staged a
general strike causing Germany to come to a stand still and an
end to the uprising.
­ Those who were involved in the strike were never punished, as
without the support of the Army, the Government could do little
against them.…read more

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1932- The Year of Crises
· Financial Problems:
­ The Weimar Government had to borrow and print
more money in order to finance the war, this
caused hyperinflation.
­ The value of money fell and Germany were
unable to keep up with the reparation payments.
­ This led to the French occupation of the Ruhr,
which led to more money problems.…read more

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