The Reasons for the Transformation of he Nazi Party Between 1928 and 1930

Notes on how the Nazi Party increased its support between 1928 and 1930.

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The reasons for its transformation between 1928 and 1930
By 1928 the party was effective due to:
Its structure
Increased membership since 1925
Hitler's leadership was authoritative and secure
HOWEVER
Weimar managed to stabilize its position
In the Reichstag elections of 800,000 votes the Nazi Party only managed to secure 2.6% of the vote getting
them only 12 seats
Stresemann died in October 1929
This was the same month as the Wall Street Crash in America
This had a devastating impact on the German economy as they relied heavily on loans from America
The Wall Street Crash was the final blow not the cause
This lead to a loss of confidence in the Weimar Government
Which increased polarisation in Politics
Financial problems also lead to the collapse of the Grand Coalition
President Hindenburg then made Bruning chancellor, marking the end of a democratic government
This was the beginning of the end as:
He was placed in power my people who had no faith in democracy and wanted to use Article 48 to
create a more authoritative Government
He had a major disagreement with the Reichstag over his response to the Economic Crisis, when the
Reichstag out voted him he then asked Hindenburg to dissolve the Reichstag calling for a new
election in September 1930 and used Article 48.
In this election the Nazi Party became the second biggest in the Reichstag after the SPD
Rise of Nazism
Stresemann's death
Breakdown of Parliamentary government
Wall Street Crash
Loss of confidence in Weimar
Increased use of Article 48
How did the Nazi's generate this much support?
Further Reorganisation
Disappointment in the May 1928 election acted as a stimulus for further reorganisation
The first Nazi professional body was set up on Oct 1928, the Association of Nationalist Socialist Jurists. This
was soon followed by similar bodies for teachers, students and doctors. This helped the party transform in
to a mass movement and spread propaganda.
The Nazi's were also very successful at getting the votes of younger people particularly students.
They also set up groups for different sections of the community. The most important being the AA. Founded
in 1930 to draw support from the peasantry, which it was successful in doing. Networks of the party
member then took part in activities to spread propaganda.
The use of rallies, speeches, lectures and 'aeroplane campaigns' in certain areas were effective is raising
the party profile and increasing the votes at elections. The tactic of identifying and targeting certain group
worked well for the Party and gained them many more votes.

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