The publication on the fundamentals

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  • Created on: 09-09-13 08:40
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In early 20th century, people were trying to find a new way to be religious
People began building faiths that relied on practice rather than orthodox beliefs
1910-1915 12 paperback pamphlets published title The Fundamentals
WW1 furthered the fundamentalist cause as it showed an apocalyptic world ­ prophecies were
coming true. Liberals saw it as the war to end all wars.
Some argued that higher criticism and the pacifism of the liberals had caused the war
1917 ­ British government begin pledging its support for a Jewish homeland in Palestine, Jewish
prophets had foretold that the Jew's would return to their home land ­ further prophecy coming
1917 ­ Bolshevik revolution confined the prophesised `power from the north' that would later
attack Israel.
WW1 ended the rose-tinted view of science, and so, when people began to complain of the
dangers of teaching evolution in schools, more began to listen.
1925 ­ John Scopes trial - man from Tennessee taught evolution illegally in a school. ­ It became a
contest between God and science. Scopes was convicted, but the fine was paid for him and really,
it was a strong result for science that made the fundamentalists look like bumbling idiots.
Fundamentalists were trying to create a new way of being religious in an age that valued science
above all else.
Fundamentalism helped the less educated to get out and get their voices heard.
1910 Presbyterians of Princeton publish 5 fundamentals:
1). Inerrancy of scripture
2). Virgin birth of Christ
3). Christ's atonement for our sins on the cross
4). Christ's bodily resurrection
5). The reality of Christ's miracles ­ this was later replaced by pre-millennialism


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