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Page 1

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The Problem of
Evil and Suffering

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Types of Evil
· Moral evil
­ Evil that is caused by man's actions
· Natural evil
­ Evil that occurs naturally in the universe
· Natural through Moral evil
­ Natural evil that occurs as a result of the actions
of man

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"Evil is a perpetual burden
of doubt for the believer and
an obstacle to commitment
for the unbeliever"
-John Hick

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An Inconsistency
· If God is omnipotent, omniscient and most importantly:
omnibenevolent, then there should be no evil and suffering
in the world
· However, as there is evil and suffering in the world, it must
mean one of three things:
­ God does not exist
­ God does exist,…

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Mackie's Inconsistent Triad

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Theodicies
· Theodicies are arguments that tries to explain why an
omnipotent and omnibenevolent God allows Evil and
Suffering to exist
· Two early Christian saints wrote theodicies to show the
part our moral freedom plays in our religious lives:
­ St. Augustine of Hippo
­ St. Ireneaus of Lyon…

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Augustinian Theodicy
· God created a perfectly Good world
· Man was created in the perfect likeness of God
· Evil is the privation (absence) of goodness
· Man was given true moral freedom, evil came about
when those beings with free will (given to them by
God) turned their…

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Augustinian Theodicy
· "Evil entered the world as a consequence of Humans rebelling
against God" (Genesis 1:26)
· "[God] gave [Humans] free will, the ability to choose between good
and evil. He did not want us to be like robots that had to worship
him"
· "All Christians see the…

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Augustinian Theodicy
Strengths:
· Depends on Traditional biblical beliefs in creation and the fall
from righteousness.
· Recognises free will as God's best gift to man.
· God cannot be blamed for moral evil
· It suggests that God did not plan evil
· Humans have only exercised the gift…

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