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Types of Evil
· Moral evil
­ Evil that is caused by man's actions
· Natural evil
­ Evil that occurs naturally in the universe
· Natural through Moral evil
­ Natural evil that occurs as a result of the actions
of man…read more

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Evil is a perpetual burden
of doubt for the believer and
an obstacle to commitment
for the unbeliever"
-John Hick…read more

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An Inconsistency
· If God is omnipotent, omniscient and most importantly:
omnibenevolent, then there should be no evil and suffering
in the world
· However, as there is evil and suffering in the world, it must
mean one of three things:
­ God does not exist
­ God does exist, but he is not powerful enough to stop Evil and
­ God does exist, but he chooses not to stop Evil and Suffering
· All three of these solutions cause a problem for believers.…read more

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Mackie's Inconsistent Triad…read more

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· Theodicies are arguments that tries to explain why an
omnipotent and omnibenevolent God allows Evil and
Suffering to exist
· Two early Christian saints wrote theodicies to show the
part our moral freedom plays in our religious lives:
­ St. Augustine of Hippo
­ St.…read more

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Augustinian Theodicy
· God created a perfectly Good world
· Man was created in the perfect likeness of God
· Evil is the privation (absence) of goodness
· Man was given true moral freedom, evil came about
when those beings with free will (given to them by
God) turned their backs on God
· Man's freedom will certainly lead to his fall from
perfection and "grace"
· Free will leads to sin (evil), punishment and pain.…read more

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Augustinian Theodicy
· "Evil entered the world as a consequence of Humans rebelling
against God" (Genesis 1:26)
· "[God] gave [Humans] free will, the ability to choose between good
and evil.…read more

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Augustinian Theodicy
· Depends on Traditional biblical beliefs in creation and the fall
from righteousness.
· Recognises free will as God's best gift to man.…read more


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