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Slide 1

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`The Power Struggle'
of the 1920s
Stalin's Russia…read more

Slide 2

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At the time of Lenin's death, in January 1924, he left
no clear instructions for a successor to lead the
Communist party. Instead, a group of leaders
emerged; a `collective leadership'. By 1929,
however, one of the leaders, Stalin, had defeated
the others. His success was from the result of a
power struggle, which was impacted from a number
of important factors, which will be explained
throughout this PowerPoint...…read more

Slide 3

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The five
Stalin ­ Joined the communist party in 1902.
Lenin relied on Stalin's loyalty, however Lenin was also
suspicious of Stalin's intentions. He had the position of
General Secretary from 1922, and was the centre of
the party.
Trotsky ­ Joined
Lenin and other Marxists
in 1902. On the left side
of the party, very radical
and Commissioner for
the Military.
Bukharin ­ joined Lenin in 1912. Referred to as the
`Golden Boy' by Lenin. On the right wing of the party,
moderate and tolerant.…read more

Slide 4

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Zinoviev ­ Active in the party since
1903. Made Party Secretary in Leningrad, then
Chairman of the Comintern in 1919. Part of the
`United Opposition' with Kamenev but the lest
appealing of the Communist party.
Kamenev ­ full-time revolutionary
from 1905. Commissioner for Foreign Trade.
He was known more for caution rather than
compassion, and had little ambition.
Zinoviev and Kamenev flitted between the left wing and the right
wing of the party, which caused the other members to lose trust
in them, and left them very much isolated.…read more

Slide 5

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Left Right
Focused on Lenin's policies during the Inspired by the New Economic Policy (NEP)
Civil War of 1918-1921
The radical wing of the party
introduced in 1921
Time of peace rather than war
Wanted permanent revolution Focused on education and gradual change
Ideological rejection of the NEP Socialism in one country (SIOC)
Ideologically committed to immediate
And the
Pragmatic commitment to NEP (best course of action = the one most likely to work)
Otherwise similar to the Right Wing (SIOC, gradual industrialisation etc)…read more

Slide 6

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The `powerbases' of
The power of candidates came from their official positions
within the Party and the government. These powerbases Glossary:
were important as they allowed candidates to build and
mobilise support, or to use government resources to assist Powerbase
them. All contenders had a seat on the Poltiburo by the time A source of power and
of Lenin's death, although Bukharin had no vote as her was influence which is based on
only a `candidate member'. the position within an
Kamenev became Chairman of the Central Committee ­ a
highly influential role as the Central Committee elected Poltiburo
members of the Poltiburo. The executive committee
for Communist Parties. The
Stalin was given position of General Secretary, responsible first was set up in 1917 by
for the Party bureaucracy, and responsible for interpreted the Bolshevik Party, and
and implementing Poltiburo decisions. He was also in charge decided matters of policy
of recruitment, appointment and promotion of 1000's of and issued instructions to
Party workers across the USSR. Stalin was also Head of the be followed by the rest of
Central Control Commission, set up by Lenin in 1921 to the Party.
eradicate corruption. Stalin had the power to investigate
and discipline members of the Party.…read more

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