The Peasants Revolt - England AS Level History

Summary notes on the English Peasants Revolt

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The Peasants Revolt
When the Black Death swept Europe in 1348-1351 it left about 30% of the
population dead. This greatly affected the English peasants because there was
a labour shortage and food was scarce. Even some thirty years later, life had
not returned to normal -the settled and structured country life of the Middle
Ages was disrupted, and discontent was rife amongst the poor.
Rosie Day

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The Peasants Revolt
Land workers
Large families
Some skilled
Village Reeve
Organises the village
Quite wealthy
Still a peasant
Most important peasant
A peasant's life
Strict Freedom
Cannot leave the manor without the Because the lords are too busy doing
lords permission other things, the peasants often had the
They are told what they can or cannot responsibility of running the village and
wear deciding on legal issues
Work is unpaid some days of the year Power
Fines: have…read more

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Word Definition
Manorial control Type of system of running a village
Holdings Land a peasant works
Assart To claim land for agriculture from woods
Demesne Land the lord owns and peasants work
Arable Growing crops and not farming animals
Entry fine Pay to inherit a tenancy
Commutation Paying the lord so that you don't have to work on his land for free
Manor An area of land controlled by the lord
Growth of Towns
How did it affect the Black Death?
How would it affect…read more

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The Black Death in England
How devastating was the Black Death?
30-40% mortality rate
Whole villages and towns simply ceased to exist
Oldest, youngest and poorest died first
5 ­ 6 million deaths in England
How far was the spread of the plague the fault of human activities and failures?
Plague reached London on 1st November 1348
Population of London around 70,000
Sanitation in London was poor and living conditions filthy
Symptoms of the Black Death showed up after one week after infection
Widely believed…read more

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Did Medieval Hospitals help the sick?
1200 hospitals
o London's could hold 200 patients
o Others had 5 ­ 6 beds
Only 10% actually healed
o Herbal remedies
o Praying
o Feeding
o Warmth
Wards would have special diets
When a patients left, the hospital would give them some money
Warden would check for signs of a infectious diseases
Did the Christian Church help or hinder medical progress?
New medical ideas would undermine the church
Medical schools and hospitals
Dissection is not allowed
Effects of…read more

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Those who survived the plague had more land and could demand higher wages for their
work and lower rents on the land because of labour shortages
The diet of the peasantry improved with more meat involving beef and mutton
Housing also improved for the peasantry, with larger and more complex dwellings spring up,
with more building materials
There was no longer a land shortage
Peasants could take on the plots of the decreased neighbours
Nuclear families
One theory as to why the birth…read more

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John II captured, massive Kings ransom
1358 Jacquerie, French peasants revolt
1360 Peace, forced to sign a peace treaty
During the peace Money needed = taxing = the poor = poll taxes, to pay for the war
1369 War starts again
During 1369 - 1381 Successful generals (Bertrand du Gueselin)
English lose generals (John Chandos)
Black Prince busy in Spain, then dies in 1376
1381 Peasants revolt
The Rise of the Gentry
Key to the revolt is also the Gentry class
Broadly the gentry class…read more

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Edward then captured Calais
1348 ­ Order of the Garter created
1355 ­ war restarted
1356 ­ Black Prince's victory at Pointiers, capturing the French King
1360 ­ Treaty of Bretigny
Edward renounced his claim to the French throne for the whole of Aquitaine
o French declared war again, little success
o Queen Philippa dies
1376 ­ the Good Parliament summoned
21st June 1377 ­ death of Edward III
The Black Prince
Never became King
Died before his father
15th June 1330 ­ Edward…read more

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John Wycliffe
"When Adam delved and Eve span who was then the gentleman?"
"We have no sovereign to complain too"
The Good Parliament
King turns to tax to pay for war
£100,000 from clergy and people
House of Commons agrees to a one off tax on parishes
King abandons voyages to France, becomes introverted
House of Commons grants "15th" in tax
1373 ­ 1374
£200,000 ­ cost of restarting war
House of Commons grants "10th" on grounds that the war will be restarted…read more

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It started with people avoiding the tax
In February to March 1381 the returns of collections of the third poll tax found a nationwide
shortfall.…read more


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