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Slide 1

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`The Ontological Argument proves that
God exists.
Assess this claim with particular reference
to proof an existence.
BETH EVANS…read more

Slide 2

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Descartes argument suggests that to deny God's
existence is illogical since God's essence is to exist
By defining God, Anselm logically came to the
conclusion of God's existence
Using Reductio ad Absurdum both arguments prove
God's existence as the counter-argument is absurd
and cannot be accepted
Descartes can `clearly and distinctly' perceive God's
essence to be necessary and existence
A property is an attribute and existence is a property
that belongs to God's essence and only God's essence…read more

Slide 3

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Anselm: God is different to anything else as he is
necessary whereas everything else is contingent
Descartes: `Essence us `the quality which is most
important in making something what it is'
God's definition: `The idea of a supremely perfect
Being on a conceptual basis even the atheist can
agree…read more

Slide 4

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Gassendi: Descartes has compared a property with the
essence of God, omnipotence is a property and it doesn't
prove God exists
Existence is not a perfection, if something doesn't exist it
is nothing
Hume: You cannot analyse something into existence
Kant: Existence is not a predicate of God
We have to prove inductively not by analysing: `We must
go outside of it if we are to ascribe existence to an object'
Both ontological arguments based on IF the idea of God
would be perfect
Bertrand Russell: `Grammatically exists is a predicate but
logically it serves a very different function'…read more

Slide 5

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Gaunilo: Anselm moves from existence of an idea to
the existence which cannot simply be done, you
cannot define something into existence
There is a difference between understanding and
An atheist can understand the argument but that
doesn't mean that they accept it
Aquinas: People have different concepts of God so
you have to work inductively, a posteriori and
synthetically to prove God's existence as he isn't self-
evident…read more

Slide 6

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It proves existence of God for the believers however
not for the atheists as they can understand the
concept but this doesn't mean that they can conceive.…read more


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