First 220 words of the document:
The Night of the Long Knives
It is sometimes called Operation Hummingbird or in Germany it is known as the Röhm-Putsch
and took place in Nazi Germany between the 30th June and 2nd July 1934 and was when the
Nazi regime carried out a series of political murders
Anti-Nazis (including ex chancellor Kurt Von Schleicher and Gustav Ritter von Kahr) and leading
figures of the left-wing Strassersist faction of the Nazi party, along with its figure head
Gregor Strasser, were murdered. Many leaders of the SA were also killed
Hitler used the purge to eliminate critics of his new regime especially those loyal to Vice
Chancellor Von Papen as well as to settle scores with old enemies at least 85 people died
and more than a thousand opponents were arrested.
Many of the killings were carried out by the SS and the Gestapo, the regime's secret police.
The purge strengthened and consolidated the support of the Reichswehr for Hitler. Courts
quickly swept aside legal prohibition against extra-judicial killings to demonstrate their
loyalty to the regime
The Night of the Long Knives was a turning point for the German government as it
established Hitler as "the supreme judge of the German people"