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The new deal
To provide relief, reform and recovery Roosevelt created the following alphabet agencies from 1933,
The farm credit association (FCA)- relief
Gave loans to a fifth of all farmers so that they would not lose their farms and homes.
The FCA provided relief for farmers and allowed the country to recover from the depression.
The FCA was a success as it made sure farmers didn't lose their livelihoods however it was a
short term solution.
The agricultural adjustment agency AAA relief and reform and recovery
This agency paid farmers to produce less food by taking land out of production or reducing
The AAA had a mixed reception on one hand it was good as agricultural products rose
between 1933 and 1939 and farmers incomes doubled, however the AAA was criticised as
many crops were destroyed which seemed wasteful as it could have been used to feed to the
many hungry and poor people of America at the time. The AAA helped farmers however it
didn't help tenants and share croppers who were often evicted as there wasn't as much work
to do on the land and farmers replaced these workers with machinery with the money they
had loaned from the government from the FCA.
The AAA provided reform as it changed the farming system. It helped a lot of farmers. It was
a long term solution which helped and benefitted a lot of farmers as it helped them not only to
survive but to recover after the depression and modernise.
Overall the AAA gave farmers a better standard of living and was very popular; it provided
relief for farmers but also aided recovery in American farming.
The civilian conservation corps CCC recovery and relief
The CCC gave jobs to single unemployed men aged 17 to 28. The men were sent to live in
government camps in the countryside where they did manual labour such as clearing land,
planting trees to prevent soil erosion and desertification from occurring. They also worked to
prevent flooding by straightening rivers.
The CCC was a success as it gave young men a job where they wouldn't have one and It gave
them food and clothing and a shelter. The men were paid the minimum wage (which people
criticised) and most of this (£1 a day) was sent home to the men's families. The men generally
came from the cities and these jobs made the men healthier and fitter.
Between 1933 and 1942 nearly 3 million men took part in the CCC scheme.
Some people criticised the CCC as they accused it of cheap labour however it wasn't
The CCC gave men skills which they could transfer to other professions once they achieved a
The CCC provided relief for unemployed men.
Roosevelt claimed that the CCC was one of the best things to come out of the new deal.
The CCC dealt with forest fire, planted 1.3 billion trees and installed 65,100 miles of phone
line in remote areas.
Many men benefitted from the experiences and training provided as it would help them get a
job when the economic crisis was better.
However the CCC was criticised as it only helped white young men and no one else. Also there
was no guarantee of a job afterwards.
The civilian works administration CWA relief
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The CWA was designed as a short term emergency relief scheme to provide as many people as
possible with jobs in the winter of 1933-1934. It provided work for 4 million people on public
projects in that time.
Although the CWA was successful at giving people much needed jobs such as building roads
and planting trees it was criticised for giving people useless jobs such as scaring away pigeons
with balloons in public places.…read more
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Home owners loan corporation- relief and recovery
Loaned money to over 1 million people to stop them from losing their homes and ending up
The intention was to stimulate the housing market and aid it to recover from the depression.
The NRA (national recovery administration) recovery and reform
The aims of the NRA were to increase workers wages, to increase prices of goods made in
factories to increase profits and to give workers more rights and a better deal in the
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In to kill a mockingbird, the books main protagonist is described as being `
the only person to be fired from the WPA for laziness'…read more