The Nazi Regime


How effectively did the Nazis control Germany 1933-45?

What was it like to live in Nazi Germany?

I also have powerpoints on the Weimar Govt and the rise of Nazism :)


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  • Created on: 09-06-12 12:56
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How effectively did the Nazis control Germany 1933-45?
1933 Goebbels = Minister for People's Enlightenment and Propaganda
cheap radios made that picked up only Nazi programmes
Nazis controlled all radio stations
had more radios per head than USA
closed 2/3 German papers
controlled info supplied to remaining
Photos and posters:
esp glorifying Hit
censored, no jazz
Books, films, plays and art:
Reich Chamber of Culture set up 1933 ­ headed by Goebbels
everyone in arts has to join to get work
to join have to be approved by Goebbels -> arts controlled
1934 `Burning of the Books' ­ Nazi students burn books by Jewish/
anti-Nazi authors
Olympic games 1936
prop campaign for Hit
Propaganda films:
`triumph of will'
`Eternal Jew'
Rallies, meetings and processions
eg. Nuremburg
made terror more effective, eg. thought Gestapo agents on every
block ­ didn't
reminded Germans of Nazi succeses and ideals

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Coups d'etat: hardly any
first 10yrs ­ no attempted coups
last yrs when regime failing ­ plots ag. Hit gain support
Underground resistance/ open opposition: not a lot
underground resistance:
o working class groups produce anti-Nazi leaflets
o people eg. Pastor Gruber help Jews
o sabotage of factories/ railways/ army depots
o some acted as spied ­ passed on industrial/ military secrets to
other countries
within church some openly criticised eg. led public outcry against
euthanasia -> stopped euth.
critics of govt.…read more

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Nazis ­ thought good things ­ stability and
prosperity ­ outweighed the bad
Opposition Groups:
Church opposition:
who denomination what opposed how dealt w/ by Nazis
Martin Protestant `German Xtians' -> c.c. (along w/
Niemoeller formed alt. hundreds of other
`confessional ministers)
Paul Schneider Protestant Nazis and church arrested 1934 and
compromising w/ warned, 1937-> c.c.…read more

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Judges took oath of personal loyalty to Hitler disposed of his
opponents, no fair trials, death sentence inc.…read more

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Nazi genocide and the Holocaust
Victims of shooting, burning, starvation, disease, medical experiments in camps
esp. in Poland
· Invalids, disabled & mentally handicapped
· Asocials inc.…read more

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Number of policies considered 1939-41 to deal with Jewish question eg
deportation to Madagascar or slave labour (Jews and others to be
worked to death)
What was it like to live in Nazi Germany?
Big business:
Pros: Cons:
massive profits and salary much govt control over: what
increases (70% 1934-8) made, prices, wages, profits,
(rearmament) imports
no trade unions
Small business:
Nazis shrank opposition:
o banned dept stores
o limited growth of existing ones
o closed Jewish businesses
Pros: Cons:
some…read more

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Strength Through Joy' ave. working week rose 43h
organised leisure time for (1933) -> 47h (1939)
workers ­ cheap holidays, workers forced to take low paid
concerts, sports jobs (often lower than
unemployment 6m (1933) -> 2m unemployment benefit) far from
(1936) home
ind.…read more

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Nazi youth movement compulsory
other youth organisations absorbed/ illegal
summer camps/ leisure activities ­ camping, sports, acting
labour camps 18-25yr olds
prop targeted youth
special interest in youth by Hitler at rallies
summer camps/ long school hours -> saw less of parents
alienated from parents ­ not as keen Nazis
Attractions of youth movements:
exciting, new, rebellion
smart uniform
marched in exciting parades w/ big bands
physically fit
leisure opportunities
no other youth groups/ leisure opps (all absorbed/ illegal)
direct interest from Hitler
WOMEN…read more

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Measures to remove women from labour market esp. professionals eg.
drs, lawyers etc BUT 1933-39 women employed rose from 5m to 7.4m
female labour = cheaper AND unemployment dropped then war started
Education - university numbers dropped
Appearance - makeup, trousers, permed/dyed hair discouraged
Health - slimming discouraged (could jeopardise childbearing)
banned birth control clinics, contraceptive and abortion
Marriage - man could divorce wife if refused to have children
German Women's Enterprise - 5.…read more


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