The Nazi Regime


How effectively did the Nazis control Germany 1933-45?

What was it like to live in Nazi Germany?

I also have powerpoints on the Weimar Govt and the rise of Nazism :)


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How effectively did the Nazis control Germany 1933-45?


1933 Goebbels = Minister for People's Enlightenment and Propaganda

cheap radios made that picked up only Nazi programmes
Nazis controlled all radio stations
had more radios per head than USA

closed 2/3 German papers
controlled info…

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Coups d'etat: hardly any
first 10yrs ­ no attempted coups
last yrs when regime failing ­ plots ag. Hit gain support

Underground resistance/ open opposition: not a lot
underground resistance:
o working class groups produce anti-Nazi leaflets
o people eg. Pastor Gruber help Jews
o sabotage of factories/ railways/…

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o people pleased with Nazis ­ thought good things ­ stability and
prosperity ­ outweighed the bad

Opposition Groups:

Church opposition:
who denomination what opposed how dealt w/ by Nazis

Martin Protestant `German Xtians' -> c.c. (along w/
Niemoeller formed alt. hundreds of other
`confessional ministers)

Paul Schneider Protestant…

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couldn't exterminate/ send to c.c. because needed future workers ->
responded uncertainly
later began to clamp down:
o 1942 739 E.P.s in Cologne -> labour camps
o 1944 ­ hung cologne leaders

White rose group:
students in Munich
distributed leaflets
arrested and executes

Red orchestra:
communist group
spied for Soviet…

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· Judges took oath of personal loyalty to Hitler disposed of his
opponents, no fair trials, death sentence inc.

block wardens visit weekly ­ take donations, check up
reports on `political reliability' of block residents


Romany people/ Gypsies
· Non-Aryan (therefore inferior), seen as work shy…

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Nazi genocide and the Holocaust

Victims of shooting, burning, starvation, disease, medical experiments in camps
esp. in Poland
· Invalids, disabled & mentally handicapped
· Asocials inc. homosexuals
· Romany people/Gypsies
· Poles (especially intelligentsia, army & top strata)
· Slavs
· Communists

· Not a new phenomenon ­…

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Number of policies considered 1939-41 to deal with Jewish question eg
deportation to Madagascar or slave labour (Jews and others to be
worked to death)

What was it like to live in Nazi Germany?


Big business:
Pros: Cons:

massive profits and salary much govt control over: what…

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`Strength Through Joy' ave. working week rose 43h
organised leisure time for (1933) -> 47h (1939)
workers ­ cheap holidays, workers forced to take low paid
concerts, sports jobs (often lower than
unemployment 6m (1933) -> 2m unemployment benefit) far from
(1936) home
ind. wages increased nearly skilled workers forced…

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o 1939 membership of a Nazi youth movement compulsory
other youth organisations absorbed/ illegal
summer camps/ leisure activities ­ camping, sports, acting
labour camps 18-25yr olds

prop targeted youth
special interest in youth by Hitler at rallies
summer camps/ long school hours -> saw less of parents
alienated from…

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Measures to remove women from labour market esp. professionals eg.
drs, lawyers etc BUT 1933-39 women employed rose from 5m to 7.4m
female labour = cheaper AND unemployment dropped then war started
Education - university numbers dropped
Appearance - makeup, trousers, permed/dyed hair discouraged
Health - slimming discouraged (could…


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