The Nazi Regime

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How effectively did the Nazis control Germany 1933-45?

What was it like to live in Nazi Germany?

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  • Created on: 09-06-12 12:56
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THE NAZI REGIME
How effectively did the Nazis control Germany 1933-45?
PROPOGANDA:
1933 Goebbels = Minister for People's Enlightenment and Propaganda
Radios:
cheap radios made that picked up only Nazi programmes
Nazis controlled all radio stations
had more radios per head than USA
Newspapers:
closed 2/3 German papers
controlled info supplied to remaining
Photos and posters:
esp glorifying Hit
Music:
censored, no jazz
Books, films, plays and art:
Reich Chamber of Culture set up 1933 ­ headed by Goebbels
everyone in arts has to join to get work
to join have to be approved by Goebbels -> arts controlled
1934 `Burning of the Books' ­ Nazi students burn books by Jewish/
anti-Nazi authors
Olympic games 1936
prop campaign for Hit
Propaganda films:
`olympia'
`triumph of will'
`Eternal Jew'
Rallies, meetings and processions
eg. Nuremburg
made terror more effective, eg. thought Gestapo agents on every
block ­ didn't
reminded Germans of Nazi succeses and ideals

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OPPOSITION:
Coups d'etat: hardly any
first 10yrs ­ no attempted coups
last yrs when regime failing ­ plots ag. Hit gain support
Underground resistance/ open opposition: not a lot
underground resistance:
o working class groups produce anti-Nazi leaflets
o people eg. Pastor Gruber help Jews
o sabotage of factories/ railways/ army depots
o some acted as spied ­ passed on industrial/ military secrets to
other countries
within church some openly criticised eg. led public outcry against
euthanasia -> stopped euth.
critics of govt.…read more

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Nazis ­ thought good things ­ stability and
prosperity ­ outweighed the bad
Opposition Groups:
Church opposition:
who denomination what opposed how dealt w/ by Nazis
Martin Protestant `German Xtians' -> c.c. (along w/
Niemoeller formed alt. hundreds of other
`confessional ministers)
church'
Paul Schneider Protestant Nazis and church arrested 1934 and
compromising w/ warned, 1937-> c.c.…read more

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Judges took oath of personal loyalty to Hitler disposed of his
opponents, no fair trials, death sentence inc.…read more

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Nazi genocide and the Holocaust
Victims of shooting, burning, starvation, disease, medical experiments in camps
esp. in Poland
· Invalids, disabled & mentally handicapped
· Asocials inc.…read more

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Number of policies considered 1939-41 to deal with Jewish question eg
deportation to Madagascar or slave labour (Jews and others to be
worked to death)
What was it like to live in Nazi Germany?
BUSINESS AND INDUSTRY
Big business:
Pros: Cons:
massive profits and salary much govt control over: what
increases (70% 1934-8) made, prices, wages, profits,
(rearmament) imports
no trade unions
Small business:
Nazis shrank opposition:
o banned dept stores
o limited growth of existing ones
o closed Jewish businesses
Farmers:
Pros: Cons:
some…read more

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Strength Through Joy' ave. working week rose 43h
organised leisure time for (1933) -> 47h (1939)
workers ­ cheap holidays, workers forced to take low paid
concerts, sports jobs (often lower than
unemployment 6m (1933) -> 2m unemployment benefit) far from
(1936) home
ind.…read more

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Nazi youth movement compulsory
other youth organisations absorbed/ illegal
summer camps/ leisure activities ­ camping, sports, acting
labour camps 18-25yr olds
Other:
prop targeted youth
special interest in youth by Hitler at rallies
summer camps/ long school hours -> saw less of parents
alienated from parents ­ not as keen Nazis
Attractions of youth movements:
exciting, new, rebellion
smart uniform
marched in exciting parades w/ big bands
physically fit
leisure opportunities
no other youth groups/ leisure opps (all absorbed/ illegal)
direct interest from Hitler
WOMEN…read more

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Restrictions:
Measures to remove women from labour market esp. professionals eg.
drs, lawyers etc BUT 1933-39 women employed rose from 5m to 7.4m
female labour = cheaper AND unemployment dropped then war started
Education - university numbers dropped
Appearance - makeup, trousers, permed/dyed hair discouraged
Health - slimming discouraged (could jeopardise childbearing)
banned birth control clinics, contraceptive and abortion
Marriage - man could divorce wife if refused to have children
Organisations:
German Women's Enterprise - 5.…read more

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