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The Nazi Party 1919-32
Formed in 1919 as DAP (German workers party) by Anton Drexler. Their main views were anger
Communists & socialists - for bringing down Kaiser.
Weimar politicians - agreeing to TofV.
Democracy - for being weak.
Jews - blamed for weakening economy.
Hitler joined in September 1919, by 1920 he was Drexler's right-hand man.
In February they revealed their 25-Point Programme, this included:
Expand country borders.
Get rid of Jews.
They were willing to use force.
Hitler was passionate and a good speaker, this attracted many people. Also the people were
unhappy with the Weimar Republic up to 1923 so many more joined.
August 1920 - Hitler changed name to NSDAP (National Socialist German Workers' Party/ Nazi
Party) and they adopted swastika emblem and raised arm salute.
Membership grew and they bought a newspaper to spread views.
Mid 1921 - Hitler became party Fuhrer. Loyal party leaders:
Ernst Rohm - nasty soldier, appointed head of SA.
Hermann Goering - wealthy air force hero.
Rudolf Hess - became deputy.
Julius Streicher - started another Nazi paper.
Also had powerful friends, e.g. General Ludendorff - leader of German army.
Created SA (storm troopers, known as 'brownshirts') - party's private army, mainly ex soldiers.
Worked as security at meetings, bodyguards for party leaders & for breaking up opposition
meetings. Rohm was in charge.
The SA were out of control so Hitler selected a trusted few for his bodyguards, called Shock Troop.
1923 Nazi party was still confined to Bavaria and had no Reichstag seats.
November 1923 Munich Putsch.
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Hyperinflation, making people miserable. French occupation of Ruhr, made angry. Hitler wanted
to exploit this discontent.
Knew the unrest would soon die down as Stresemann's government was getting on top of the
The government was starting to crack down on extremist groups.
On 8 November there was a meeting of Bavarian government officials in a beer hall in Munich.
Hitler burst in with some SA troops and announced he was taking over the Bavarian government.…read more
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The country was out of control, chancellor Bruning was ruling by decree, no-one was listening.
People turned to extremist groups.
People were attracted to Nazis:
Working class traditional values, economic propaganda, Workers in the name (seemed like
many others supported them). Not many votes however.
Middle class scared of communists, traditional values, own private business.
Farmers keep private land, scared of communists.
Big business protection from communists.
Young people/women Hitler's speeches, ambitions, good for families.…read more