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There is general agreement that there is
STM/LTM distinction which is well
supported by evidence. The multi-store
model uses the evidence of there being
different types of memory.
The multi-store model is the basis
of many later models, even if they
were subsequently divided into
further STM and LTM stores.…read more

Slide 3

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There are some studies that strongly
suggest the existence of two separate Brain scans can
stores, esp. in studies of amnesia and indicate which areas
brain damage. of the brain are active
Butters and Cernak studied when memory tasks
Korsakoff's Syndrome, which results are performed. These
in severe LTM disorder but has little scans suggests that
affect on STM. different parts of the
brain are active when
Shallice and Warrington studied STM and LTM are
a patient known as KF who had suffered
brain injury in a motorcycle accident. He being used (Baddeley
showed severe STM disorder, but his et al 1997)
LTM seemed undamaged.…read more

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When asked to recall a list of words, people tended to remember the
start and end of lists better than the middle, because of primacy and
recency effect.
· The primacy = in LTM
· The recency = in STM (Glanzer and Cunitz found that if
there is a distractor task the recency effect is removed)…read more

Slide 5

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The multi-store model is probably an over
simplification of memory processes. As there are
different kinds of LTM (p+d C and S 1980 and d=e+s
T 1972) This model doesn't inclu. them. It proposes
that there is just one long term store and only one
short term store.
It presents a passive view of memory and cannot account
for the evidence that suggests LTM is an active store and
is involved in processes such as reconstruction.
We often don't actively try to store things
in our LTM so rehearsal doesn't adequately
explain what happens here.…read more

Slide 6

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Cohen and Squire ­ 1980:
Observed the difference between procedural and
declarative memory within LTM.
Tulving ­ 1972:
Divided declarative memory into episodic and
semantic.…read more


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