The March 11th Japanese Earthquake and Tsunami (CASE STUDY)

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: Max123
  • Created on: 18-03-13 22:06
Preview of The March 11th Japanese Earthquake and Tsunami (CASE STUDY)

First 187 words of the document:

The March 11th Japanese
Earthquake and Tsunami
On Friday 11th March 2011, the most powerful earthquake to ever hit Japan was created with a
magnitude of 9. It was the world's largest earthquake since the 2004 Indonesian quake and was
400X more powerful than the Christchurch earthquake. The energy it released was equivalent to
1500 Hiroshima bombs, generating 10m tsunami waves which travelled at 50kmph, travelling up to
10km inland, and leaving behind a scene of destruction and death in its aftermath.
Just 180km away from Japan's coast lays a destructive plate
boundary (see right) between the pacific and North
American plates. The denser pacific plate, which travels at
8-9cm per year, was forced downwards into the mantel
underneath the North American plate. This created a lot of
pressure between the two plates (in what's called the Benioff
zone) releasing large amounts of energy ­ creating seismic
waves. (See right) A knock-on secondary effect of this is the
displacement of water above the moving crust ­ creating the

Other pages in this set

Page 2

Preview of page 2

Here's a taster:

The Japanese national police agency has confirmed 15,799
deaths, 5,927 injured and 4,041 people missing as well as
over 125,000 buildings damaged or destroyed. Many
people's livelihoods and incomes were destroyed as low
relief agricultural land in Fukushima was destroyed. 4
commuter trains and a passenger ship with 100 people on
board have been. There were millions without power,
phone lines and safe water and 350,000 people sheltered in evacuation centres and public
buildings.…read more

Page 3

Preview of page 3

Here's a taster:

The Japanese government quickly declared a state of emergency, especially after a cold front
hit a few days after the quake. Many people were using public buildings such as schools as
evacuations centres. Food and medicine was bought to these centres from many aid and
relief teams from all over the world, for example Armenia sent a 25member rescue team of the
Ministry of Emergency Situations to participate in the rescue works.…read more


No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all resources »