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The "Golden Years" of Weimar, 1924-1929.
There was relative stability in the mid 1920's in Germany as; there was no extra-parliamentary action
such as in 1918-23 (Spartacist uprising, Kapp-Luttwitz and Munich Putsch).
The nature of German Political parties was not the most likely to be the most successful under the
Weimar Republics electoral system.
This was because the parties mainly acted in their own interests and the interests of own section of
supporters rather than as national parties of government representing everybody.
This meant that proportional representation was not totally successful for Germany as proportional
representation meant that each party would get seats based on the proportion of votes that they
This also meant that the parties were not very willing to form coalition governments which meant
that many of the problems faced by the Weimar government were not tackled.
The "Dawes Plan" 1926.
Stresemann's aims for the plan were to:
For Germany to have raw materials,
New markets for their goods,
New sources of capital,
This would then bring back confidence in the German economy,
Stresemann was willing to collaborate in an American initiative to consider the issue of reparations.
The plan as produced by economists and experts lead by the American banker Charles Dawes. The
committees proposals produced in April 1924 were:
France would leave the Ruhr and further sanctions would be harder to gain,
There would be a longer period of time to pay the reparations,
Credit would be given to Germany to help them to rebuild the economy,
Allied supervision would reorganise the Reichsbank,
Reparation payments would not be able to threaten the stability of the German currency.
The reaction to the Dawes plan was that of anger that they still had to pay the reparations. However
that plan was approved by the Reichstag on 29th August 1924.
The problems for the republic's political system of coalition governments were made worse by the
Between 1924 and June 1928 refused to form a coalition as they did not want to compromise their
ideas with other parties.
However this did reduce the influence of the SPD in the Reichstag.
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The SPD were made more reluctant to join a coalition government after mid-1925 due to the
election of President Hindenburg as he was anti-socialist.
This meant that the SPD was pushed out by Hindenburg who did not want the socialist view; this
meant that even less problems were tackled by the German government.
Election of Hindenburg April 1925.
Hindenburg was elected to office on 26th April 1925.…read more
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The "Young Plan" 1929.
A socialist dominated ministry was formed on June 1918, which included members of the DVP, DDP,
Centre Party and BVP, led by Hermann Muller.
This so-called "Grand Coalition" aimed to was to steer though the "Young Plan" of 1929.
The "Young Plan" was to tackle the issue of reparations that was not dealt with in the "Dawes Plan"
as they still had to pay the money back.…read more