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The legislative process (1)

Parliament is the UK's legislative authority. Strictly speaking, it has three elements ­ the
monarch, the House of Lords and the House of Commons ­ and all three elements must be
in agreement before a proposal can become law. When a proposed new law is being…

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At the start of each parliamentary session, MPs can enter their names in a ballot from which
20 names are drawn. In each session, however, only certain Fridays are set aside for
discussion of `Ballot Bills' and many of these tend to be taken up with the later stages of…

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through Private Members Bills. Similarly, in 1994, the age of consent for homosexuals was
lowered to 18 after the gov't supported a Private Members Bill.

The legislative process (3) ­ Government Bills

Some types of gov't Bills are introduced in every parliamentary session ­ for example the
Finance Bills containing…

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to debate the proposed legislation
to scrutinise it at the committee stage
to suggest amendments
to agree on its final shape

It should be emphasised, however, that it is the gov't (on the whole) which decides which
matters require legislationand the gov't is normally able to command a majority in…

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If MPs form a particular party vote in large numbers against the party line, however, the
withdrawal of the party whip becomes less of a realistic sanction. Between 2001 and 2004,
there were a number of occasions when a significant number of Labour backbench MPs
rebelled and voted against the…


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