The League of Nations

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  • Created on: 01-04-10 11:50
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The League of Nations
Aims:
to encourage international disarmament
to improve living and working conditions worldwide
to encourage international co-operation and goodwill (especially with trade)
to maintain the Peace settlements (e.g. Treaty of Versailles)
to discourage aggression
Membership
no America
too expensive ­ many Americans were worried that they would end up
paying
trade would suffer ­ they would have to comply with economic sanctions
Treaty of Versailles was seen as too harsh
they wanted nothing more to do with Europe after WWI ­ isolationism
no Russia
busy having a revolution, so not interested in capitalist countries
no Germany
Germany joined later, but was not allowed at the start
It seemed like a European victors' organisation.
Therefore: no money, no determination, very unwilling
Problems
decision making was slow and indecisive
the Assembly (everyone) met only once a year ­ not often enough!
decisions had to be unanimous ­ very impractical
the Council (main members ­ Britain, France, Japan and Italy) met more
regularly, but every member could veto (ban) a decision ­ impractical
some countries were not present
this undermined the authority of the League
the League lacked money and enthusiasm
meant that economic sanctions did not work
Britain and France were left to run the League
they had their own interests
both economically challenged and weakened by war
disliked by many countries
were not enthusiastic about the League
the punishments didn't work
moral condemnation
this was the first step, but meant nothing and achieved nothing. It
involved telling the country that it was in the wrong
economic sanctions
this involved not buying or selling certain things from the country in
question. It should have been very effective, but was undermined
because many countries were not in the League and so could buy and
sell what they liked.
war

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The problem was that the League did
not have an army of its own, and relied on members to send one. This
meant that war was really an empty threat.…read more

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