Slides in this set
The aims of the league of nations.
To prevent wars:
· Through collective security. If a country when to
war then the members would stop trading with it.
This was called sanctions.
· By increasing co-operation between countries.
This was to improve living and working conditions
and was the role of the special commissions.
· By encouraging countries to disarm. This was why
the disarmament commission was set up so that
countries would reduce there weapons.…read more
The structure of the league of nations.
International labour Secretariat: Assembly:
organisation: ·Civil service- did the ·Met once a year
·Discussed working paperwork and kept ·All member counties had one
conditions records vote
·Tried to get counties to ·Carried out the ·Decisions had to be unanimous
make improvements leagues decisions ·Discussed things
Permanent court of justice: Council:
·Team of judges ·Made important decisions
·Settled disputes between ·Had 4 permanent members-
countries e.g. over fishing Britain, France, Italy and Japan
rights ·Decisions had to be unanimous
·Could not make countries ·Supervised the special
obey it's decisions commissions…read more
The special commissions.
Slavery commission- Refugees commission- Disarmament
Set up to abolish slavery in Set up to return 500000 prisoners commission-
Africa. one of there of war to there homelands. The Set up to prevent
successes was that they man in charge was called Nansen wars by reducing the
freed 200000 slaves in and he was very successful. Most amount of weapons
sierra Leone. But it failed were returned within 2 years. He countries had. One
because slavery continued also set up the Nansen passport success they had was
elsewhere. for people who were stateless. the kellogg-Briand
pact where some
Mandates commission- countries limited the
Set up to monitor the mandates given to Britain and France under size of there navies.
the peace treaties. There were three different types on mandates- Disarmament failed
Class A- were countries that were considered advanced enough to and wars continued
become independent after guidance from another country e.g. and the 2nd world war
Lebanon. broke out in 1939.
Class B- were ex-German owned African colonies such as
togoland. They were put under British and French control.
Class C- were ex-German colonies that became part of
neighbouring countries such as South west Africa that became
part of South Africa.
This failed because the league had little way of influencing the
new controlling countries that had the mandates.…read more
Conflicts and disputes in the 1920s
Vilna 1920- Poland and Lithuanian said that they had the Aaland islands 1921- Both Sweden and
right to own it. Vilna was given to Lithuanian after the 1st Finland said that the islands belonged to
world war but Poland invaded Lithuanian and took them. The League decided that the
control of it. The league of nations should have stopped islands belonged to Finland and both
this but to of it's permanent members (Britain & France) countries accepted this. They were
wanted Poland to be there alie against Russia. In this successful as they solved the dispute
case the league was un-successful as it failed to deal with peacefully.
Corfu 1923- 5 Italians were killed by
Upper Silesia 1921- Upper Silesia was an area of land on Greek soldiers over a dispute . Mussolini
the border of Germany and Poland that had both the Italian leader attacked and then
Germans and Poles living there. The people were occupied Corfu. The league did nothing
allowed to vote for the country that they wanted there to Italy but forced the Greeks to
land to join to. But the vote was divided. So the League apologise to Italy and pay compensation.
divided Upper Silesia between Germany and Poland. The This was un-successful as on of the
decision was accepted by both countries. This was leagues permanent members was
successful as there was no argument over the land. allowed to get away with aggression.
Greek-Bulgarian dispute 1925- Greece invaded Bulgaria
because they disputed over where there border should
be. The League ordered Greece to withdraw and it did.
This was successful as the league dealt with aggression
but Greece was not a powerful country.…read more
Why was the League of nations so un-
successful in dealing with disputes?
Lack of powers- Membership problems- `self-first' policies-
·they had no armed forces ·The USA never joined ·Members sometimes
this meant that they could ·The USSR was not invited to went against the league
not deal with aggressive join at the start and only ·Countries didn't obey
countries e.g. Italy(Corfu). joined in 1934 because it was the sanctions
·They sometimes used communist ·Members never used
economic sanctions which ·`league of some nations' there own armed forces
meant that member
countries had to stop trading Attitude of the defeated Problems in it's
with the aggressive country. countries- organisation-
This failed because it also ·Not invited to join the league ·Assembly and council
damaged the member ·It's rules were apart of the votes had to be
country's economy as well as peace treaties unanimous
the aggressive country. ·They had no say ·Slow decision making
·Heated the league…read more